The Black course at Bethpage State Park on Long Island is unlike any venue ever utilized for the U.S. Open, mainly because anyone can play it if he or she has $50 to $60 for a New York resident, or $100 or $120 for a non-resident.

Bethpage Black is hilly and unforgiving. But when it's flowing with 40,000 people, many of whom have played the course - some after sleeping in their cars all night in the parking lot - and have opinions on how to play it, it's downright fun to be walking around.

"They [give advice] during the tournament," Tiger Woods said. "It doesn't just happen during the practice rounds. They yell out during the tournament as well."

The enthusiasm and electricity didn't bother Woods during the 2002 championship, the first ever on a truly public daily-fee course. He tamed the conditions to win his second of three U.S. Open titles by 3 strokes over Phil Mickelson.

The U.S. Golf Association brings the Open back to Bethpage Black, designed by the legendary A.W. Tillinghast and built in 1936, this week and has added some teeth by adding more than 200 yards, increasing the length to 7,426 yards at par 70.

Still, players are looking forward to an improved setup under Mike Davis, in his fourth year as USGA senior director of rules and competitions.

Jim Furyk, the 2003 U.S. Open champion, said the setup the first time at Bethpage "probably presented the most problems for me" because of length and the wet weather during the first two days. He ended up missing the cut.

Kenny Perry, who appeared last week at Furyk's Exelon Invitational, said all he could remember about Bethpage Black was "there wasn't a birdie hole out there. . . . Every hole was a struggle."

Based on Davis' work the last three years in setting up Winged Foot, Oakmont and Torrey Pines, however, Furyk believes the playability of the course will improve.

"I think he's done a wonderful job," he said. "I think the positive note I'm taking is going to Bethpage with an open mind because it's going to be different than it was the last time. I'm expecting Bethpage will be set up differently and, hopefully, a little more suited for my game."

The USGA took a lot of heat in 2002 at the 10th hole, a long par-4 that included a 280-yard drive from the tee to reach the fairway, a carry that some players could not negotiate. This year, the carry has been reduced by 35 yards.

Another improvement is graduated rough. A 20-foot swath of about a 21/2-inch first cut will be just off the fairway, making it easier for those who hit slightly wayward tee shots to get their approaches on the green. But the rough grows to between four and six inches outside that 20-foot zone.

Davis defended the lengthened course.

"We are essentially playing pretty much the same game in 2009 that we were playing in 2002," he said. "But the reason we did that is we think that, in a few cases, it actually adds to a hole and it gives us more flexibility that we can maybe use a back tee some days and an up tee some days."

Bethpage Black will introduce the new leader in the longest par-4 in an Open derby, the 525-yard seventh hole, which is actually longer than its par-5 fourth hole, a 517-yarder.

"It goes back to what the definition of par is, how many strokes it takes expert players to get to the green plus two putts," Davis said. "We don't think many of the players will end up on the fourth green in two shots."

Davis also said more "risk-reward" options will be available to players, and that fairways in the landing areas for tee shots will be varied to encourage more aggressive play. The relatively flat greens will be the usual Open speed - lightning fast.

Regardless of the course length and degree of difficulty, the Bethpage Black experience will be completed by fans who loudly get behind their favorite and create one of the most football-like atmospheres in golf.

Woods, who was raised on a par-3 public course in Long Beach, Calif., received plenty of encouragement in 2002. But his crowds were relatively quiet compared to the support they gave Mickelson, who was accorded rock-star treatment all weekend.

The cheers for Mickelson will grow exponentially this week. His wife, Amy, was diagnosed last month with breast cancer. Besides, he has four runner-up finishes in the U.S. Open - three of them at New York courses - without a win.

Conversely, the fans are not reluctant to get on someone's case, like in 2002 when they counted the number of times Sergio Garcia regripped the club. Garcia reacted to the catcalls at one point with an obscene gesture.

Furyk not only had problems with his game that year, but also with the crowd.

"A few people let me know about it," he told Golf World magazine. "They told me I [stank] - and I did."

Woods, the only player to break par for 72 holes seven years ago, appears to be impossible to pick against this week going for major championship No. 15, coming off an impressive win at the Memorial.

With Woods and Mickelson and the world's top players competing on a storied course, combined with the crowd and the surroundings, it figures to be a memorable week.

The Front Nine

A look at nine players competing in this week's U.S. Open at Bethpage:

The top three from 2002:

Tiger Woods - The only player to break par for 72 holes, he is hitting the ball straightest off the tee in years. Woods is the overwhelming favorite.

Phil Mickelson - The people's choice. Support is high in light of his wife's breast cancer diagnosis. He must rein in his tendency to try to take too many gambles.

Sergio Garcia - The anti-Mickelson in '02. The crowd may hound him for disclosing his breakup with Morgan Leigh Norman (Greg's daughter). Garcia must stay focused.

Three who missed the cut in 2002:

Jim Furyk - He hasn't won in 44 starts since capturing the 2007 Canadian Open, but he owns the game and the temperament to play well under pressure. He should contend.

Retief Goosen - He returned to Long Island in 2004 at Shinnecock Hills and won his second Open. Goosen has proven his mettle on difficult courses.

David Duval - At No. 873 in World Golf Rankings, he is not expecting much. Duval earned a berth in the Open in sectional qualifying.

Three who weren't around in 2002:

Paul Casey - Ranked No. 3 in the world, he loves the challenge of tough golf courses (66 in 2007 at Oakmont). He has a good chance to become the first European champion of the U.S. Open since Tony Jacklin in 1970.

Geoff Ogilvy - Successful in his last trip to New York, winning the Open at Winged Foot, he needs to drive in straighter to challenge. He has shown he can handle the spotlight.

Sean O'Hair - His world ranking has jumped from 59th to 13th. He already has a career high in earnings with more than $3 million, and he hits it straight and long. If he makes some putts, look out.

- Joe Juliano

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Contact staff writer Joe Juliano at 215-854-4494 or jjuliano@phillynews.com.