In 1998, a small group of birders in Ecuador stared intently as a diminutive bird darted along the ground. They soon realized they had discovered a Jocotoco antipitta, which was thought to be extinct. The fact that this species was alive and well in Tapichalaca's cloud forest in southwest Ecuador galvanized them into action. Within a short time, the group founded one of Ecuador's leading nonprofit conservation groups, the Jocotoco Conservation Foundation, and raised enough money to buy more than 12,000 acres of the forest.

Soon after, they built a lodge at Tapichalaca and hired a local staff to maintain the reserve. From this humble beginning, the Jocotoco Foundation has steadily expanded to 11 reserves scattered around the country, conserving some of the planet's most endangered birds and accompanying biodiversity.

You don't have to be a hardcore birder to be mesmerized by the dazzling display of hummingbirds and various other tropical birds that swarm to the feeders at the Jocotoco reserves we visited, especially our favorite one, Buenaventura. Although the larger birds provided momentary excitement when they appeared, what truly captured our attention was the never-ending stream of hummingbirds of every size and shape — ranging from tiny brown-green ones with almost no tail to impressively large, rainbow-tinted ones, some with tails longer than their bodies.

When a family of long-snouted coatis (related to raccoons) emerged from the forest and clambered onto the porch at Buenaventura searching for a snack, it was clear we had arrived in an Ecuadorean nature nirvana.

My wife, Sharen, and I discovered this admirable organization while visiting Quito at the beginning of our four-month tour of South America, and thank goodness we did. Through Jocotoco Tours, we managed to experience some of the best bird viewing in the world (Ecuador has 1,600 bird species, compared with around 800 in the United States.)

Our first introduction to this remarkable organization took us to the Yanacocha Reserve, about 45 minutes from Quito. Perched high in the Andes Mountains at 11,000 to 13,000 feet, this reserve, like the others, was established mainly to protect critically endangered birds — in this case, the 300 remaining black-breasted puffleg hummingbirds, found nowhere else in the world. In addition to admiring beautiful birds at the feeding stations, we marveled at the diverse shapes, colors, and textures of the tropical plants we saw during our hike. My favorite was a plant whose leaves measured nearly five feet across. After  our air-gasping hike, we had tea and a nice lunch in the small restaurant near the visitor information center.

The next phase of our Ecuadorean exploration took us to Cuenca, and from there we set out to discover three other Jocotoco reserves, starting with Buenaventura, one of the larger reserves near the southern coast. Although it is possible to fly to Santa Rosa, a town near Buenaventura, we opted for the four-hour drive from Cuenca so we could see more of the countryside. On the 120-mile drive, the landscape changed remarkably, from arid, rocky hillsides covered with cactuses and bromeliads to lush junglelike forests. As we neared our destination, we encountered banana groves lining both sides of the road as far as the eye could see.

Buenaventura Reserve felt like an oasis in a vast expanse of tropical forests. After many kilometers of bumpy, winding roads, we relished our clean wood cabin with its private bathroom and two comfy beds. Outside, on the large deck, a hammock beckoned us to slow down and appreciate the panoramic view of the distant mountains cloaked in deep green foliage. Several times, Sharen, reposing in the hammock, called out, "Doug, come quick. Two gorgeous toucans are sitting in the tree close to me," and I felt lucky to get great photos of them.

With only three cabins and the nearby restaurant with its expansive porch, the facility imposes itself very little on the surrounding junglelike landscape. The staff prepared three tasty meals daily, but what set apart this experience was our ability to observe up close so many gorgeous creatures and plants, either from the porch or while hiking.

Nothing in our previous birding experience compared with our ability to gaze, close-up, at the frenetic procession of hummingbirds that whirred around the bright red feeders from morning until evening, providing endless entertainment and exceptional photo opportunities. In fact, bird photographers from around the world, some with astonishingly large lenses, regularly come to photograph birds that are found nowhere else. Other visitors, however, contentedly click away with their digital phone cameras or patiently watch with their binoculars.

During our three-day Buenaventura stay, we particularly enjoyed hiking on a four-kilometer dirt road through the cloud forest, inspecting colorful insects and tropical plants while being serenaded by distant howler monkeys and melodic birdsong. Later, our host drove us to a distant part of the reserve to see its new hummingbird park, built primarily to entice local Ecuadoreans to better appreciate and conserve their unique natural heritage. I persuaded our visiting American naturalist to take me on a couple of night hikes, which opened up a whole new world of exciting discoveries — birds, bugs, and spiders that we didn't see during the day.

On our return drive to Cuenca, we stopped at the 378-acre Yunguilla Reserve, tucked away in the hills at the end of a rough five-kilometer dirt road. The reserve's "forest guard" met us, and with machete in hand, he led us across a stream and up a narrow trail into the hills until we reached a small grove of trees harboring two bird feeders. Soon, a diminutive gray-and-white bird, the pale-headed brush finch, appeared, and I was thrilled to witness a visit by one of the rarest birds in the world; the species' remaining 200 birds live in this one small reserve.
While staying farther south in the town of Vilcabamba, we decided to spend two days at our final Jocotoco reserve, Tapichalaca. The 75-minute journey, like others we had taken, led us along a scenic road that offered beautiful panoramas and the adventure of dodging occasional landslides, overflowing streams, and rocks randomly sitting in the middle of the road.

Upon reaching our lodging at the reserve, we donned calf-high rubber boots and marched into the dense cloud forest along soggy trails wrapped in a cloak of tropical plants. Sitting quietly while our guide placed juicy worms on a special spot, we were soon treated to a rare close-up view of a trio of Jocotoco birds.
Back at the lodge, we spent most of our time watching and photographing the innumerable hummingbirds, most of which we hadn't seen before, especially the most common variety, the chestnut-breasted coronets, which resembled prismatic flying jewels.
When I reflect on why we travel, one of the reasons is to experience magical moments in unique places like the nature reserves we visited, and to find those who make a difference in the world, which is exactly what the Jocotoco Conservation Foundation does. Our memories of Ecuador will include hearing the intense whirring of rainbow-colored hummingbirds' wings, seeing yellow-billed toucans, and watching shy Jocotoco birds emerge from the dense forest, living freely because people cared enough to protect them.

If you go

Contact information: Jocotoco Tours:; (593) 2 505 129 or 0992 44 00 38; If you're inclined to help, donate at
Currency: U.S. coins and bills are exclusively used in Ecuador.

When to go: Even though Ecuador is on the equator, the high altitude of Quito and Cuenca results in some chilly weather. The dry season (summer) runs from June to September and the wet season (winter) is from October to May.

Miscellaneous: Bring good hiking shoes (as trails are often wet or muddy), binoculars, sunscreen, insect repellent, a hat, lightweight long-sleeve shirts and long pants (shorts are seldom worn in public and aren't practical in the forest), and a rain jacket or umbrella.