About the same. The Sichuan earthquake has been estimated at a magnitude of 7.9. The Richter scale or other measurements did not exist in 1906, but the estimated magnitude of the San Francisco temblor is now thought to have been between 7.7 and 7.9.
c. The average is about 9.6 named storms a year.
Lower. It is the area of lowest pressure in the system. The eyewall has the highest pressure in the system.
A raven (Genesis 8:7).
No. Not that you would. The wave of a tsunami generally has no face - it's generally a fast-moving wave that's all churn, maybe 10 feet tall. It isn't a cresting wave and offers nothing for a surfboard to "grip."