Cory Booker - with shoulders thick as a Buick underneath his oversize pads - raced untouched across the 45-yard line at Notre Dame Stadium, and flashed his hand upwards in the universal sign for “I’m open.”
JONATHAN TAMARI / Staff
In his freshman year, the 1987 Stanford football media guide said Cory Booker "could be the class of a great class, judging by the accolades." It also noted that he already had plans to attend law school one day.
The pass hit him in his red number 81, and the Stanford tight end turned upfield, sidestepped an all-American defensive back and barreled into Fighting Irish territory. The big gain sparked a touchdown drive, and by the end of that October afternoon in 1990, Stanford had upset the country's No. 1-ranked team, 36-31.
Booker hoped the game might catapult his college football career and open the door to the NFL. Instead, it was a peak he'd never reach again.
“This was just a very special game for me”
DAVID SWANSON / Staff; Courtesy of Notre Dame Athletics
Now in his Senate office in Washington, Booker remembers the victory against Notre Dame and reflects on the lessons that continue to infuse his political vision. He caught four passes in the game, the most in any one game during his Stanford career.
Less than two months later, the player once heralded as one of the country's top high school prospects would be pushed off the team before his final year of eligibility.
"It was like the first time in my life I ever felt like I failed at something," Booker, now a Democratic U.S. senator from New Jersey, recalled in an interview. "And it was one of the toughest blows to my ego I've ever taken."
It was like the first time in my life I ever felt like I failed at something.
On his gleaming resumé, Booker's college football career stands out as an unusual bullet point.
Unlike at most stops in his life, the onetime Stanford class president, Rhodes scholar, Newark mayor, and political celebrity who became a senator at 44 never achieved star status as a Stanford athlete. He was relegated to the background, a role player on a talented team.
It's a piece of his biography that has gone largely unexplored as Booker has landed on the shortlist of potential Democratic presidential candidates in 2020. With that possibility comes a new level of scrutiny on Booker's personal history, as voters seek to understand the experiences that shaped a man who might put himself forward to lead the country.
A look at his four years on the Cardinal football team shows how someone who has enjoyed a rapid rise, whose ambitions seem boundless, and whose political critics accuse him of being more flash than substance handled frustration, disappointment, and a workmanlike grind with little personal glory.
“The play that Stanford has needed”
Courtesy of Notre Dame Athletics
With Stanford trailing 24-7 in the second quarter against No.1 ranked Notre Dame, Booker made a 35-yard gain. The play set up a Stanford touchdown that began their comeback in a huge upset on Oct. 6, 1990.
‘Everybody was excited’
The phone rang at Booker's home in Harrington Park, in Bergen County. Gerald Ford was on the other end.
The former president wanted Booker, then in high school, to come play for his alma mater, the University of Michigan.
As a wide receiver and defensive back at Northern Valley Regional High School in Old Tappan, Booker had powered the Golden Knights to a state title and was named to USA Today's All-USA team for 1986. The Chicago Tribune rated the 6-foot-4, 220-pound senior as one of the top 25 prospects in the country, and Gatorade named him player of the year in New Jersey.
Some of the biggest names in college football coaching came to North Jersey to recruit Booker, including Notre Dame's Lou Holtz and Steve Spurrier, then at Duke.
Football was going to be my ticket and not my destination.
"It was a very heady time for me," Booker, 48, said in his Senate office in Washington, where he keeps a football in a bookcase drawer. Booker - who'd later star in a documentary, befriend Oprah Winfrey, and draw consideration in 2016 to be Hillary Clinton's running mate - says the high school media attention "was good early training."
Thinking past football, he chose Stanford when the school topped that year's U.S. News and World Report academic rankings.
Booker breaks free
Courtesy of Notre Dame athletics
Booker's teammates said he was a high-caliber athlete. Here, he makes a leaping catch against Notre Dame, his third reception of that game. One teammate, Tommy Vardell, said the game gave Booker a chance to show what he was capable of.
Even then, Booker said, he knew "football was going to be my ticket and not my destination." His bio in the 1987 Stanford football media guide noted that the freshman was already planning to go to law school.
On the field, the guide glowed that Booker "could be the class of a great class." As fellow freshman Tommy Vardell put it, "Everybody was excited about having Cory Booker."
A difficult adjustment
The excitement quickly met a much colder reality.
Booker spent two years on the bench under coach Jack Elway (father of Hall of Fame quarterback John Elway), and other players emerged as Stanford's top threats, including Vardell, wide receivers Ed McCaffrey and Chris Walsh, and running back Glyn Milburn. All four went to the NFL.
"Coming from high school, we're all superstars, we're all the guy who gets the ball," said Jonathan Pinckney, a wide receiver on the team who grew up in Bethlehem, Pa. But on that team, "if you weren't Ed McCaffrey, Glyn Milburn, or Tommy Vardell, you were a role player on offense."
Booker's teammates and coaches universally described him as a good athlete and a quiet, hardworking competitor. Just playing on a Division I college football team, they noted, was exceptional.
"A great kid to coach," said Brian Billick, who coached wide receivers and tight ends at Stanford and later led the Baltimore Ravens to a Super Bowl championship. Now an analyst for the NFL Network, Billick called Booker "a smart player and tough" and "where he was supposed to be, doing what he was supposed to be doing."
Coming from high school, we're all superstars, we're all the guy who gets the ball.
Jonathan Pinckney, a wide receiver on Booker's Stanford team
He was more of a pass-catcher than a blocker, studious but lacking top-end speed.
Coaches and teammates, however, had few distinct memories of Booker on the field. Local news reports barely mentioned him, other than when he recovered an onside kick one Saturday against Oregon to set up his team's game-winning field goal.
Contributing on special teams
Courtesy of Stanford University Athletic Department
Booker finally got on the field in his third season at Stanford, mainly playing an unglamorous role on special teams. He helped his team to a victory over Oregon on Sept. 23, 1989, however, by recovering an onside kick with just over one minute left in the game. Stanford would go on to kick a game-winning field goal.
Instead, the most vivid thing recalled by seven former teammates and coaches interviewed for this article was Booker's friendly, upbeat attitude - a trait he now offers as an antidote to the country's toxic politics.
When Tony Cline arrived as a freshman tight end, the older Booker showed him where to place his hands as a blocker, and advised him on which courses to take.
"Everyone that you interview is going to say the same boring stuff: just a really nice guy," said Cline, who would spend four years in the pros. "The thing that really sticks out to me is that even when I was playing ahead of him, he was still very helpful to me, and that's not normal."
Courtesy of Notre Dame Athletics
Booker's Stanford teammates had few distinct memories of him on the field, but they universally described him as a "nice guy." Here, the future senator who still preaches positivity breaks up a scuffle as Stanford plays Notre Dame.
Booker went through a physical roller-coaster as he realized that natural talent wouldn't carry him in college. After arriving at Stanford at 220 pounds and playing tight end, he dropped to 195 to move back to wide receiver, then bulked back up to 230 and returned to tight end when a new coaching staff led by Dennis Green took over.
But it took until his junior year to make his first college catch, and he was still a backup as a senior, when Stanford started 1-3 and headed to South Bend, Ind., to play Holtz and top-ranked Notre Dame.
As a high schooler, Booker had visited Notre Dame, where Holtz urged him to imagine running out onto the field under the mural of Touchdown Jesus.
Now Booker was back, with his father in the stands, and a nearly 60,000-person crowd packed so close to the sidelines they could practically reach out and touch players on the bench.
Notre Dame jumped to a 24-7 lead, but then Stanford quarterback Jason Palumbis began spreading the ball around the field.
Nearly 30 years later, Booker still vividly remembers the 25-yard catch and run that helped Stanford begin its comeback. Unprompted, he names the defender he shook: Todd Lyght, later the fifth pick in the NFL draft.
"To make him fall down was one of the highlights of my career," Booker said.
He finished the game with four catches for 47 yards and a contributing role as Vardell and McCaffrey starred. Each of Booker's receptions came on essentially the same offensive scheme.
“I was always trying to push myself harder”
DAVID SWANSON / Staff Photographer; Courtesy of Stanford University Athletic Department
Cory Booker was mostly a role player for Stanford. He played on special teams and caught only a handful of passes. Here he makes a short catch against Washington State in 1990, and recovers an onside kick against Oregon in 1989 while playing on the kick-off team.
"I don't think they probably did a lot of preparation around our tight ends running drags across the field," said Vardell, who scored four times that day and became known as "Touchdown Tommy." "It was a great chance for [Booker] to show what he was capable of."
Booker, whose political brand centers on mantras of unity and cooperation, now says that game "reinforced to me the power of when good people come together, work really hard together, sweat together, sacrifice together."
It was his most productive day as a receiver, and his biggest victory at Stanford. Booker remembers hugging his father in the locker room and celebrating on the flight back. "It was utter glory," he said.
A week later, he caught his first touchdown since high school, a 38-yard score against USC. Booker finally felt as if his career was coming together.
He told the Stanford Daily he hoped to start the next season and would "definitely" want to go to the NFL. The salary, he told the school newspaper, would help pay for law school.
Unlike many college athletes, Booker had an unusually wide array of interests.
He helped lead a crisis counseling center, taking 24-hour shifts and staying up late to talk to people dealing with everything from relationship troubles to suicidal thoughts. He worked at a community center in East Palo Alto. As a senior he was elected as one of several class presidents, on a slate dubbed Carpe Diem.
"He probably had a broader perspective than I did on the Stanford experience," said Pinckney, who added that he had just two goals: Stay eligible and do whatever was necessary to keep his playing time.
“Amazing young man”
Courtesy of Stanford University Athletic Department
The last catch of Booker's career was an unremarkable 10-yard gain against Washington State on Nov. 3, 1990. As the Stanford announcers describe his many off-field activities, they show he was making a much bigger mark on the rest of campus than he did as a football player. A few weeks later, after football season ended, Booker would be dismissed from the team.
Booker didn't drink, Vardell said, and didn't move off campus with his teammates, as many others did.
"You could tell that he was just different from the rest of us from the way that he kind of networked around the campus, and really had, at an early age, a wise soul and had a sense of empathy and compassion that doesn't necessarily come naturally to an 18-year-old football player," said Turner Baur, a fellow tight end who practiced alongside Booker.
While Booker's critics have long questioned whether the senator has the diligence to back up his glossy image, former teammates and coaches said that at Stanford he quietly did the unglamorous work it took to be part of the team, even while struggling for playing time and serving as a grunt on special teams.
In a Stanford kind of way, some frustrated players kept spreadsheets detailing how much scholarship money they got for each five-minute practice period they endured, Baur said. Booker never expressed such disenchantment.
"He worked his tail off," Baur said.
People who knew him offered an array of explanations for why Booker's career never matched the anticipation: He was surrounded by NFL-level talent. He shuffled between positions. The coaches who recruited him were gone after his second year. He injured his shoulder. Coaches may have questioned his commitment due to his extracurriculars. He wasn't fast enough.
And sometimes, it's just hard to project how even a promising talent will perform on a bigger stage.
Courtesy of Stanford University Athletic Department
Cory Booker, now a U.S. Senator from New Jersey, seen here in photos taken in 1987, 1988 and 1989, his freshman, sophomore and junior years at Stanford.
Booker had no idea it was coming when he got hit with the gut punch.
The winter after that Notre Dame game, Green, Stanford's coach, called Booker to his office. He told the onetime star recruit that he wouldn't be back for his fifth and final year of eligibility.
"I was dumbfounded," Booker said.
He finished his four-year career with 20 catches, one touchdown, and one start. In his disappointment, though, Booker soon found another opportunity.
He suddenly had newfound free time, and an art teacher, Jody Maxmin, suggested he apply for a Rhodes scholarship.
"I thought to myself, you know there's so many blessings sometimes in your toughest times," said Booker, in his trademark language of uplift.
He'd go on to study at Oxford - where he joined the basketball team and, he says, crushed rivals like Cambridge - and set off on a new path, one that eventually did get him to Yale Law School.
Even in a shirt and tie, Booker remains a burly presence behind his Senate desk, and now calls himself "the most overrated football player I think in the history of high school football." He chalked up his high school accolades to having great teammates, and said that at Stanford he "savored" his chance to be "a servant" who tried to "support the cast."
"It was just an incredible time of mind-body-spirit alignment, and just some of the best years of my life," Booker says.
Playing under two coaching staffs, he says, helped him learn different ways to lead, and he says he still values the camaraderie, discipline, and gladiatorial feel he got from football.
DAVID SWANSON / Staff Photographer
Booker still keeps a football in his Senate office in Washington and says he remains close to his high school and college teammates. When he now talks about his days playing football, he echoes many of the same themes that underpin his political messages.
Booker won't talk about his 2020 plans, insisting he's focused on this year's congressional elections. But as he travels the country for fellow Democrats and introduces himself to a wider group of voters, he's taking the kind of steps a future presidential candidate would. The way he now frames his playing days around lessons of leadership, unity, and unstinting optimism, it's easy to hear themes that already underpin his political persona, and that could drive a national campaign.
Booker still returns to Stanford sometimes to talk to the current players and says his high school teammates remain "brothers." On the day he was sworn into the U.S. Senate in 2013 his high school coach, Bert Ammerman, went to the Capitol.
Later that day, roughly three decades after the phone call from Gerald Ford, Booker went to the White House, where President Barack Obama greeted him just outside the Oval Office, holding a football. There, the two men tossed the ball as they spoke.
"It was a full-circle moment for me," Booker said as he recalled entering a new phase, with expectations again running high.
Reporter: Jonathan TamariEditor: Thomas FitzgeraldVisuals editor: Frank Wiese Design and Production: Jared WhalenPhotography and video: David SwansonProject Manager: Ellen Dunkel