This time of year, we in the media celebrate one of the biggest cliches going: the year in review, or in the case of 2019, the decade in review. Usually, these pontifications rely on a quick look back on headlines of the past and on scratchy personal memories. To avoid that, The Inquirer Editorial Board examined data from a variety of sources to see how Philadelphia sizes up to itself 10 years ago — and to the rest of the country.
The past decade started with a recession and was marked by recovery — yet Philadelphia is still the poorest large city in the country. And while the general trend is positive — median household income is up 6%, unemployment halved, and the poverty rate is down half a percentage point — Philadelphia is still lagging behind other cities and the national average. Also, describing Philadelphia in one statistic masks the rising inequality in a city of extremes: The income gap between the poorest neighborhood (Fairhill) and richest (Graduate Hospital) is $83,112.
Philadelphia is much safer than the city was just a decade ago. Compared with 2009, there were 25% fewer violent crimes and 12% fewer property crime incidents in 2018. Preliminary estimates of 2019 incidents show a slight increase in violent crime. The overall reduction in crime did not, unfortunately, translate to a significant reduction in shootings and homicides — like the dip achieved in the middle of the decade.
And yet, even with the progress on overall crime, the violent crime rate in Philadelphia in 2018 was much higher than in New York City, Los Angeles, San Francisco, or Boston. The homicide rate in 2018 was 22 for every 100,000 people — more than four times higher than the the national average.
The past decade was catastrophic for public health — more than 6,800 people died of a drug overdose in Philadelphia alone. The number of overdoses a year in 2018 and 2017 was about triple the number in 2009 and 2010.
In the past decade, Philadelphia’s high school graduation rate increased from 58% in 2010 to 69% in 2018 — an improvement but still lower than Boston, New York City, and Baltimore. But graduation rates only tell a partial story. Only 36% of 8-year-olds in Philly schools read at or above grade level — a decrease from 52% in 2010.