A notable piece of small-business news on Capitol Hill concerns a tax proposal that could lift some of the uncertainty entrepreneurs complain about.
Under a proposal announced this month by House Ways and Means Committee Chairman Dave Camp (R., Mich.), a popular tax deduction for equipment purchases would become permanent and be set at $250,000, aside from annual inflation adjustments.
Known as the Section 179 deduction, it is scheduled to drop to $25,000 in 2014. It was set at $500,000 from 2010 through 2013.
If the proposal becomes law, it could give small-business owners predictability - something they have been clamoring for, given the large list of uncertainties, such as health care, the minimum wage, and the economy. Fluctuations in the deduction over recent years have made it difficult to plan, entrepreneurs say.
Do they buy drill presses or SUVs before the end of the year to take advantage of the current deduction, or wait to see what the new year brings?
Ramifications for the broader economy go beyond the boost from spending on equipment. If small-business owners have a better idea how much money they might save on their taxes, they might feel more secure and then expand and hire more workers. Small businesses employ about half the country's workforce, or about 60 million people.
Congress sometimes makes changes in the deduction retroactively. In January, lawmakers gave final approval to a bill that boosted the 2013 deduction to $500,000 from a planned $25,000 - after entrepreneurs had already made 2012 purchases based on the expected smaller deduction.
"People were making decisions they normally wouldn't be making at the end of last year," said Brian Burt, of the law firm Snell & Wilmer in Phoenix, whose clients include small businesses in manufacturing, financial services, and software.
The deduction allows small businesses to deduct up front the costs of vehicles, manufacturing equipment, furniture, and computers, meaning that tax savings come in the year the goods are purchased.
Without it, the businesses would have to depreciate the costs over a period of years that varies according to the type of equipment. Companies that get refunds get boosts in cash flow from tax savings.
"The Section 179 proposal is pretty big because it affects everybody," said John Arensmeyer, CEO of Small Business Majority, a group that lobbies on behalf of small businesses.
Camp, the House Ways and Means chairman, released what he called a bipartisan discussion draft of proposals to reform tax rules that affect small businesses, so the public could offer feedback. The Section 179 proposal is intended as part of an overhaul of the entire tax system.
Other suggestions in the draft include doubling the deduction for start-up costs.
Groups that lobby for small businesses say circulating the proposal publicly before it becomes a bill is a good move.