It's been two years since ground was broken in Center City on a massive Mormon temple and visitors' center, and it might just be one of the more remarkable construction sites in recent city history.
Let's just say the Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter-day Saints (LDS) goes by its own rules — not those typically found in local union handbooks. And it makes sure those rules are enforced.
No smoking. No coffee. No swearing.
Praying optional — but encouraged.
To the union workers toiling away on-site, the 60,000 square foot project is vastly different from any they've undertaken before.
At the time of the ground-breaking, Mayor Michael Nutter hailed the project at 18th and Vine Streets for its projected infusion of millions of dollars into the local economy, as well as the 300 construction jobs it would create.
Church officials contend the worship site is much-needed to serve the Philadelphia area's estimated 35,000 parishioners. The closest area temples are in Manhattan and just outside of Washington, D.C.
"That, while seemingly in distance isn't very far in time to get there, in commitment and so forth, it becomes a struggle for families," said Elder Robert Smith, the highest-ranking church official in northeastern North America. "So Philadelphia was chosen as a natural place to have us build a temple, and we are excited about it."
He said after the temple plans were announced in 2008, it took church officials between six and eight months to find the right property to build on. They then went forward with the purchase and planning of the project.
"We have found that the city council, the planning department, the Logan Square Association and the surrounding neighbors have all been very supportive about it," Smith said, noting Nutter has also been a strong champion. "It's been a great experience, and I think everyone feels like the addition of this building in the city will add to the value of the city in terms of beauty and architecture, and will be a beautiful piece of land when it's finally finished."
Though Philadelphia has plenty of experience handling large construction projects, when it comes to building sacred spaces, local building officials must bow to church leadership headquartered in Salt Lake City. The international LDS temple department is responsible for both commissioning and funding the project, as well as drawing up contractor agreements that contain some unusual requirements.
"There's no smoking or coffee drinking, and, obviously, no booze or anything like that on the site, at all," said Pat Gillespie, business representative for the Philadelphia Building Trades Council.
Workers must go to a break area across the street if they want a fix of caffeine or nicotine.
"The reason is because it's holy ground," said Steffanie Anderson, assistant regional director of LDS public affairs. "We dedicated it a couple years ago."
Smith said the church considers the rising temple "a sacred edifice" being built on a site consecrated for its use.
"We had a ground-breaking and a special prayer that made that happen, and we believe that we need to treat it with the same respect we would with one of our churches," he said. "And so we've asked our contractors to follow similar things as we expect on all of our private property."
The temple's building contracts also give hiring preference to union-affiliated Mormon workers in the Philadelphia region. But none could be found, aside from one carpenter who may join the team when his skills are needed during the project's later stages.
As is custom for LDS temple construction, each meeting with foremen and project managers at the Philadelphia site begins with a review of the day's assignments and prayer — all under the watchful eyes of specially-appointed temple minders, who are always on-site to keep vigil over the proceedings.
"They're very precise and attentive to the process," Gillespie said, though he asserted any kind of prayer sessions are purely optional.
Brother and Sister Carr's 'cookies!'
Alex and Pamela Carr moved from Utah and will remain in Philadelphia until the temple's construction is complete. Alex, with his plaid shirt and rolled-up sleeves, shock of white hair and piercing blue eyes, draws more than a passing resemblance to Paul Newman. When speaking, he easily lapses into folksy sermons, moving from pleasantries to parables and back again. He can rattle off at length endless facts about the tenets and customs of his faith — and bake a mean cookie.
"Every Wednesday, he and his wife bake 100 cookies — homemade cookies — and they deliver them to the construction workers," said Corinne Dougherty, LDS director of public affairs for the Philadelphia region. "The construction workers say, 'It's cookie Wednesday! It's cookie Wednesday!' They love it."
Located in the site's parking lot, the visitor's center is appointed with large poster boards depicting renderings of the temple and stacks of leaflets and literature about the LDS faith. Visitors are encouraged to take a pamphlet, a handful of candy from several glass bowls or a chunk of rock.
That's another symbolic aspect of the construction. When workers dug about halfway down into the 30-foot pit that will serve as the temple's underground parking garage, they hit granite. Many people would see the development as a setback — it took about six months to chip through — but Alex Carr saw it as a teaching moment. It brought to his mind a scripture passage in which Christ said a wise man builds his house on rock so it's not toppled by winds and rains.
Each day the granite was exposed, Carr climbed down into the pit and returned with bucketfuls of rocks. He began giving them away to visiting youth groups and missionaries as a visual reminder of the importance of building one's life on firm footing — the rock, of course, serving as an analogy for faith. He's amassed an estimated 2,000 pieces of granite but expects he'll soon run out: demand has been high.
Soon, Carr plans to hold weekly Monday morning "job prayers" over the site, its workers and building materials. Though all of the project's 100 workers are invited, attendance will be optional. He's not sure anyone will show up, but he feels the temple's construction is just as special as the worship services that will eventually take place inside the finished temple.
'Cleanest construction site he's ever seen'
Smith pointed to the ritualistic regulations as evidence of the Mormons' precision and pride, tenets he indicated have spread to the lay workers on site.
"In a recent meeting with Mayor Nutter, he made the comment that we have the cleanest construction site he's ever seen in the city," Smith said. "We sweep the sidewalks and the roadways. The fencing is beautiful. It doesn't have graffiti on it, and it's reflective of the effort that the workers are putting into it. The workers have a certain pride about the project, so they feel it's special as well. The experience we've had is that they feel a special spirit about the property and about the construction."
He said the church is using top-notch building materials and enforcing safety rules and site inspections "to the highest standards." For example, church officials looked at thousands of types of granite for the temple's edifice before settling on one sourced from an island off the coast of Maine and shipped down from Quebec.
"We spend a lot of money per square foot to make that happen, and it's worth it because we'll have a building that will be in the city for not just decades but, we hope, centuries," Smith said. He acknowledged the meticulous standards are likely to push the project's budget over its initial $70 million estimate, though he was unable to say by how much. "We're going to do our best to control the costs, but not at the expense of cheapening the project."
Construction is "right on schedule" for a 2016 completion, according to Anderson.
In August, the majority of concrete was poured for the substructure and two levels of underground parking are nearing completion. Workers are hoping to begin steel work in January on the temple, which will rise four stories above ground, or about 75 feet above the sidewalk. The exterior walls are slated to begin to rise next summer.
"It will be four stories of meeting rooms and worship centers ... not a big, cavernous cathedral-type building, as maybe the outside presence would lead you to believe," Smith said. "It will be a beautiful structure once it's done."
The building's tallest of two spires - the east spire - has been meticulously measured so to be level with the tops of the adjacent Free Library of Philadelphia and family court buildings. The spire will be topped by a statue of the angel Moroni. The inside of the temple will have a Colonial feel riffing off Independence Hall, with rugs instead of carpeting and wood that's painted - never stained.
Despite some of the more unusual requirements the project entails, Gillespie said he's not aware any of the practices are deterring workers from signing on.