With a net worth of approximately $71 billion, Warren Buffett is undeniably the most successful investor in history. People constantly ask him for advice, and he is never short of blunt and witty tidbits. But with all of these pieces of investment advice floating around, many of them without additional context, it can be easy for someone to misconstrue his words.
So before you rush out and start taking the Oracle of Omaha's comments to heart, here is a list of his most common misunderstood pieces of advice.
You absolutely need to be educated to be a successful investor. Buffett told The Week he spends 80 percent of his workday reading. Also, staying levelheaded won't keep you out of trouble because our brains like to lie to us. We look for patterns to help us make good decisions, and sometimes we see things that simply aren't there. Good investors educate themselves and use data to guide their decisions – not just their brains.
Most people don't know what they're doing when it comes to investing – that's why Certified Financial Planners, analysts and stockbrokers are still in business. Buffett is in a different class altogether, so for the average investor, diversification can protect against unsystematic risk. Different assets react differently to market events, so diversifying your portfolio can reduce its sensitivity to market fluctuations. Diversification can't prevent losses, but it can reduce potential negative impacts when the market changes.
This quote was pulled from a 2009 letter to shareholders after Buffett's company, Berkshire Hathaway, reported a 62 percent drop in net income the year before. He was referring to the housing crisis, which relied on mathematical models that did not include worst-case scenarios. Buffett didn't necessarily say we should ignore every number completely — he just believed it was time for Americans to look at the numbers with a more skeptical eye and stop our love affair with "a nerdy-sounding priesthood, using esoteric terms such as beta, gamma, sigma and the like."
The list of companies who failed to innovate and ran themselves into the ground is long (Blockbuster, anyone?). Companies who react too slowly to market changes can quickly become obsolete. We get what Buffett is saying about Wrigley (it's not very reliant on technology – one thing he refuses to invest in), but who knows? There might be someone out there who's about to disrupt the gum stick. Make sure the companies you invest in are nimble and have a good track record of adjusting to change.
It's important to understand the distinction between a good company that's in trouble and a bad company that's in trouble. Don't just go out and buy a bunch of stock in a company that doesn't have a chance at a comeback. Buffett carefully invests in companies that have good fundamentals — it's not that hard for you to invest in them as well.