ATLANTA - Murals of slaves harvesting sugar cane on a Georgia plantation and picking and ginning cotton are coming off the walls of a Georgia state building on the order of the new agriculture commissioner.
The murals are part of a collection of eight works painted by George Beattie in 1956 depicting an idealized version of Georgia farming, from the corn grown by prehistoric American Indians to a 20th-century veterinary lab. In the Deep South, the history in between includes the use of slave labor.
"I don't like those pictures," said Republican Gary Black, the newly elected agriculture commissioner, adding, "There are a lot of other people who don't like them."
Slavery was indisputably part of 19th-century farming in Georgia. By 1840, more than 280,000 slaves lived in the state, many as field hands. Just before the Civil War, slaves made up about 40 percent of the population.
Beattie's murals tell part of the story. In one, two white men in top hats and dress coats inspect processed cotton. They're framed by black slaves doing the backbreaking work of cotton farming. On the left, a slave bends over to pick cotton bolls by hand. Two others are using a Whitney gin, invented near Savannah, to separate fiber and seeds as a white overseer weighs bags behind them.
"I think we can depict a better picture of agriculture," Black said.
There are no signs of the beatings, shackles or brutality used to subjugate the slaves, who appear healthy, muscular, even robust.
Black said less controversial murals - a scene at a state farmers market, for example - may find a new home in a conference room or elsewhere in the building.
Few have openly protested the murals, maybe because the agriculture department is not heavily visited. Black's election marks a generational shift. He succeeds Democrat Tommy Irvin, who was appointed to the post in 1969 by a segregationist governor and has been reelected ever since.
Black's plans after the inauguration next month include painting rooms, cleaning offices, patching walls - and taking down those murals.
A full century after the Civil War, Southerners still argue over how to handle potent symbols of slavery and segregation in public places. The year Beattie finished the murals, state lawmakers put the Confederate battle flag back into Georgia's state flag to protest integration. Only in 2001 did Gov. Roy Barnes replace it; some say it cost him reelection the next year.
Those conflicts spill into art. In 2007, a black lawmaker lashed out at white colleagues for refusing to support putting a portrait of Coretta Scott King in the Statehouse beside that of her husband, slain civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. The sponsor suggested her white colleagues were bigoted. The opposing lawmakers argued that portraits in the capitol should be reserved for Georgia legislators.
In 1995, two years before he died, Beattie defended his murals in a department-sponsored article mentioning that the art had spurred debate and concern among visitors and employees.
"As a human being, I am vehemently opposed to slavery, as anyone should be," Beattie said, "but it was a significant epoch in our history; it would have been inaccurate not to include this period."
His murals could be interpreted as an indictment, hanging as they do opposite a painting of colonial founder James Oglethorpe, a utopian who dreamed of a classless Georgia free of slavery.
A friend of Beattie, sculptor George Beasley, said Black should commission new artwork if he has a new vision, not remove the originals.
Beasley, a professor emeritus at Georgia State University, admits that Beattie stretched reality to build his scenes. His friend was an optimist with an artistic tendency to gloss over life's roughness.