WASHINGTON - It's looking like a new "year of the woman" in politics.
Eighteen years after a few glass ceilings were broken, hundreds of female candidates have set their sights on Congress, governorships, and state legislatures, and a significant number racked up big wins in Tuesday's primaries. Republican women, in particular, served notice to the old boys of the party.
In California, two wealthy businesswomen who had reached the highest ranks of the corporate world, Meg Whitman and Carly Fiorina, captured the GOP nominations for governor and the Senate.
In Nevada, tea party-backed state legislator Sharron Angle seized the GOP Senate nod and will face Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid. South Carolina State Rep. Nikki Haley brushed aside allegations of infidelity to grab the commanding spot in the GOP gubernatorial runoff.
One of the night's biggest winners was two-term Arkansas Sen. Blanche Lincoln, who scored a narrow victory over liberal Democrat Lt. Gov. Bill Halter in a primary runoff. Joining these women were Roxanne Conlin, who won the Democratic Senate nomination in Iowa, and Elizabeth Mitchell, Maine's Democratic nominee for governor.
Mitchell is the first woman in the nation to serve as both state Senate president and state House speaker.
In 1992, voters sent record numbers of women to Congress - 24 to the House and five to the Senate. Women angered by the predominantly male Senate's questioning of Anita Hill, who had accused Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas of sexual harassment, decided to make their point by ousting the men.
That same year, Bill Clinton ran as a change candidate and defeated President George H.W. Bush.
Fast-forward to 2010.
Despite their strides - 17 women are in the Senate, 75 in the House, including the first female speaker, Nancy Pelosi - politics remains very much a man's world. That could benefit this year's female candidates as a frustrated electorate has rejected the establishment and sent a few incumbents packing.
"Many women are running and taking advantage of this moment," said Debbie Walsh, director of the Center for American Women and Politics at Rutgers University. "When voters are looking for something new and something different, women can really fit that bill because they aren't the status quo, they look different."
Again it's a change election - and women represent change.
Two years ago, Sarah Palin was the first woman on a Republican presidential ticket, and Hillary Rodham Clinton came tantalizingly close to winning the Democratic presidential nomination.
Today, two women sit on the Supreme Court, and a third, Elena Kagan, is likely to join them.
Across the country, female candidates have legitimate shots of winning Senate races in Connecticut, Colorado, Missouri, and New Hampshire, and gubernatorial contests in Arizona, New Mexico, Florida, and Oklahoma. Many more are seeking House seats and a place in state legislatures.
As of this month, the Center for American Women and Politics counted 23 female Senate candidates, 216 House contenders, and 23 gubernatorial hopefuls. An additional 26 were vying for lieutenant governor, and 77 for other statewide offices.
In some cases, Tuesday's victors have been climbing the political ladder for years and decided to seize the opportunity for higher office as voters crave change.
Whitman, a former chief executive of eBay, faces former Gov. Jerry Brown, who is seeking a return to the office he left in 1983. Fiorina, a former Hewlett-Packard CEO, faces Democratic Sen. Barbara Boxer, who was elected to the Senate in the class of 1992.
The Republican women are running as first-time candidates against veteran politicians and casting themselves as outsiders in a year when many voters reject insiders.
"Career politicians in Sacramento and Washington, D.C., be warned: You now face your worst nightmare - two businesswomen from the real world who know how to create jobs, balance budgets, and get things done," Whitman said.
Nodding to female supporters, she added: "This gal is on a mission. And I am all in."
If these women prevail in November, "year of the woman" will be the oft-repeated phrase. Just don't tell Sen. Barbara A. Mikulski (D., Md.).