Starting in November 2012, Pennsylvania will require all voters to present a photo ID every single time they go to the polls. There are also new rules about how to vote by absentee ballot.

This dramreatic change impacts all Pennsylvania voters. The Committee of Seventy and many groups and individuals all across Philadelphia - the Pennsylvania Voter ID Coalition - are working together on a non‐partisan campaign to educate voters about the new voter photo ID law and how to get an acceptable photo ID if they don't have one.

Although you can vote without a photo ID for the April 24 primary (you will be asked for one, but can still go into the voting booth without it), you should know what the voter photo ID law says long before it goes into full effect for the November 6 general election. Getting a photo ID (if you don't have one) takes a few steps, and several weeks, so you'll want to start as soon as you can.

This is designed to answer many questions you might have about the new law. If you have other questions, please comment below.

Doesn't PA already require voters to present an ID at the polls?

Yes, but only if you are voting for the first time ever or voting for the first time in a new division (for example, when moving requires you to vote at a new polling place). And the current law allows you to identify yourself by showing photo or non‐photo ID with your name and address (for example, a utility bill, paycheck or bank statement). The new law dramatically changes this by saying: (1) all voters must show an ID every time they vote, and (2) only a photo ID is acceptable.

When do I need to bring a photo ID to the polls?

Starting with the November 6 general election and for all future elections. In other words, if you want to vote for president on November 6, you must present an acceptable photo ID. Again, during the April 24 primary, you will be asked to show photo ID - but you can still go into the voting booth without it.

What types of photo IDs are acceptable in November?

Acceptable photo IDs include:

  • A Pa. driver's license: currently valid or expired less than 12 months.
  • An ID issued by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation (PennDOT): currently valid or expired less than 12 months.
  • A currently valid U.S. passport. Expired passports will not be accepted.
  • An active duty or retired U.S. military ID, including IDs for members of the Pa. National Guard: an indefinite expiration date will be accepted.
  • A currently valid military dependent's ID. Expired IDs will not be accepted.
  • A currently valid employee ID issued by federal, PA, PA county or PA municipal government. Expired IDs will not be accepted.
  • A currently valid ID issued by a PA university, college, seminary, community college or two-year college to students, faculty, employees and alumni. Expired IDs will not be accepted.
  • A currently valid ID issued by a PA care facility (such as a long-term care nursing facility, assisted living residence or a personal care home). Expired IDs will not be accepted.

So I can't show up with a picture taken on my iPhone or in one of those photo booths?

You can, but you won't be able to vote with it.

I have a religious objection to being photographed.

You can still vote by presenting a currently valid non-photo driver's license or other non-photo ID issued by PennDOT. These IDs must be currently valid or expired less than 12 months at the time the voter is casting a vote.

I don't have any of the photo IDs you mentioned.

You can apply for Photo ID to use for voting by going to a PennDOT Driver's License Center and submitting form DL‐54A and signing an Oath/ Affirmation that you don't have any of the photo IDs that will be accepted at the polls. When completing the application, you will need to provide:

  • Your Social Security card, and:
  • Your official birth certificate (with a raised seal), certificate of U.S. citizenship, certificate of naturalization or a valid U.S. passport, and
  • Two proofs of residency, e.g., lease agreement, mortgage documents, W‐2 form, tax records or a current utility bill (cell phone bills cannot be used).

What if my name changed and doesn't "match" the name on some documents I'm showing PennDOT?

PennDOT recommends bringing documents that "connect" the names. For example, if you got married or divorced, it's a good idea to bring a marriage certificate or a divorce decree.

Do I have to go through all of this if my driver's license expired?
 
If you had a PA driver's license or a non-driver's photo ID, and they are now expired, you can get a photo ID for voting purposes without bringing in documentation (e.g., a birth certificate, social security card and two proofs of residency). You still have to complete an application form and sign an oath/affirmation to say you don't have an acceptable photo ID and need one in order to vote. Voters whose driver's licenses expired before 1990 can call PennDOT at 1-800-932-4600 to see if their information is still in the system.

I live with my parents. Where am I going to get two proofs of residency?

You can bring one of your parents with you to PennDOT to show their Pa. driver's license or non-driver's photo ID. As a second proof of residency, you can bring a bank statement, paystub or a credit card bill as long as the address matches the address on your parent's ID. (But if you have a valid Pa. driver's license, you don't need to do this – Just show your driver's license at the polls.)

I go to college in Philadelphia and live in a dorm. How do I prove my residency?

Remember that you can use your college ID as long as it has your photo and is currently valid. But if your college photo ID isn't acceptable, you need to go to PennDOT to get a photo ID for voting. You can submit paperwork showing your dorm room assignment and a bill with your dorm room address as one proof of residency. A bank statement or paystub with your dorm address can serve as a second proof of residency.

That seems like a lot of work. It would be easier for my college to create an acceptable photo ID.

A recent study showed that 91 (out of 110) colleges and universities in PA don't have an acceptable ID. As it turns out, many include the date the photo ID was issued, not when it expires. Penn State and Temple have already announced that they will be changing their IDs to include expiration dates, which can be a specific date (e.g., 9.16.2012), an academic year (e.g., 2012-2013) or a semester (e.g., Fall 2012). Stickers with this information that are affixed to photo IDs are acceptable at the polls.

What if I go to a college or university out‐of‐state?

Student IDs from non‐PA colleges or universities are not acceptable forms of photo ID.

How much will it cost me to get a photo ID in order to vote?

Nothing. It's free. (But getting a copy of your birth certificate with a raised seal will cost you $10 if you were born in Pennsylvania or perhaps more if you were born in another state or country. The fee may be waived for voters who served or are currently serving in the Armed Forces or their dependents.)

Where can I find the nearest PennDOT Driver's License Center?

Photo IDs for voting are not available at all PennDOT offices – just at PennDOT Driver's License Centers. Click here for a listing of Driver's License Centers around the state.

How can I get a PA birth certificate?

Information on obtaining PA birth certificates is available by calling the PA Department of Health's Division of Vital Records at 724‐656‐3100 or by logging onto this site. If you were born in another state, visit this site to find out how to obtain your birth certificate.

I can't find my Social Security card? Where can I get a replacement?

Details about replacing your Social Security card can be found by calling the federal Social Security Administration office at 1‐800‐772‐1213 or by logging onto this site. Unlike a PA birth certificate, a replacement Social Security card is free.

What happens if I can't afford to get a photo ID for some reason?

If you come to the polls in November without a photo ID because you couldn't afford to get one (e.g., you couldn't pay $10 for an official birth certificate), you will be allowed to vote by provisional (paper) ballot. In order for your provisional ballot to count, you have six calendar days after the election to provide your county Board of Elections with an affirmation that states that you are the same person who cast the provisional ballot, and that you cannot afford to obtain proof of your identity. You can do this electronically, by mail, by fax – or you can show up in person at the Board of Elections.

What happens if I have an acceptable photo ID but forget to bring it to the polls in November?

If you forget your photo ID, you will have to vote by provisional (paper) ballot. In order for your provisional ballot to count, you have six calendar days after the election to provide your county Board of Elections with a copy of an acceptable photo ID (in other words, an ID that would have been acceptable had you not forgotten to bring it to the polls) and an affirmation that you are the same person who cast the provisional ballot. You can do this electronically, by mail, by fax – or you can show up in person at the Board of Elections.

And I if don't do this within six days?

Your provisional ballot won't be counted.

Where can I find my county Board of Elections?

Click here for a listing of all county Boards of Election around the state.

Do I need to show ID to vote by absentee ballot?

Unless you are a military or overseas voter applying for an absentee ballot, you must prove your identity by providing one of the following on your application for an absentee ballot:

  • Your driver's license number, or
  • The last four digits of your social security number (if you don't have a driver's license), or
  • A copy of any photo ID that would be acceptable if you were voting in person, or
  • A non‐photo driver's license or other non‐photo ID issued by PennDOT (if you have a religious objection to being photographed).

What happens if my absentee ballot is rejected?

If you don't prove your identity properly, or your proof can't be verified by your county Board of Elections, you will get a notice from the Board (along with the absentee ballot) that you must provide acceptable proof or your absentee ballot won't count. You have six calendar days after an election to do this.

I'm disabled. Voting is hard enough for me as it is.

If you are disabled and your polling place is not handicapped accessible, you are eligible to vote by alternative ballot. The new voter photo ID law doesn't require you to show proof of identification if you vote by alternative ballot.

This is happening really fast. Isn't the primary around the corner?

Yes, on Tuesday, April 24. The April 24 primary is like a dress rehearsal. You will be asked for a photo ID but will still be allowed to vote on the machines without one. It's a good idea to bring a photo ID just to get in the habit of bringing it to the polls every time you vote.