CHICAGO IS FACING a defining moment on the issues of crime and policing and the even larger issues of truth and justice. To meet this moment, we need to conduct a painful but honest reckoning of what went wrong - not just in one instance, but over decades. Then we need to determine what to do differently to ensure that incidents like this don't happen again.
We cannot afford to have any resident of our city living in fear of the police and distrusting their words and actions. And we cannot allow the crimes of a small number of officers to taint the good work of the vast majority who put their lives on the line every day.
What I strongly reject is the suggestion that the videotape of the Laquan McDonald shooting was withheld from the public because of the election. Here are the facts:
The videotape was handled in precisely the same way such tapes and evidence have been historically. Longstanding practice has been to release such material only after prosecutors and city investigators have finished their investigation. The reason for that was to prevent potential witnesses from tailoring their stories to fit the evidence.
Some say I should have ordered a departure from standard procedure and released the tape before the prosecutors had acted. Had I seen the video, I might have done that. But I don't review evidence precisely because my own emotions should not interfere with criminal investigations.
The release of this type of evidence is one of many issues we need to rethink moving forward. How do we balance concerns against prematurely releasing evidence and jeopardizing prosecutions with the community's right to see such material in a timely way? How do we promote accountability and transparency, without sacrificing one for the other?
In this case, the city followed its standard policy.
Within nine days of that shooting the city collected all evidence in the case, including the dash-cam video, and turned it over to prosecutors. No one could have predicted that it would take more than a year to finish the probe. It was just as likely that charges would be filed during the campaign, in which case the video would have become public before the election.
At the end of the day, I am the mayor and I own it. I take responsibility for what happened and I will fix it. Nothing less than complete and total reform of the system and the culture will meet the standards we have to set for ourselves.
I know the history of police-community relations in Chicago. I am the mayor who agreed to provide reparations and bring important closure to the victims of Jon Burge and police torture in Chicago. I am the mayor who has committed to restoring community policing, because the only way to fight crime effectively is to build trust between officers and the residents they serve. I am the mayor who instituted body cameras for police, to reduce incidents of police misconduct as well as unfounded complaints.
So I should have known that in the light of the checkered history of misconduct in the Chicago Police Department, that the long delay in releasing the videotape could raise concerns and suspicions across our city. Our goal was to protect the integrity of the investigation. But instead of establishing trust, the prolonged period between when the shooting occurred and when charges were filed created mistrust.
We need to fix that and restore the trust that was lost.
If there is any good to come out of this horrific incident, it has caused us to re-examine how we handle cases of police misconduct and excessive force in Chicago. And I'm committed to making the changes the city desperately needs.
Rahm Emanuel is mayor of Chicago. This column originally appeared in the Chicago Tribune.