The travel industry is strictly regulated for health and safety, for which we should all be grateful. But when it comes to consumer protection — and comfort — most laws still favor businesses.
What do airline passengers say they want? Transparent pricing. Fair business practices. And a little more legroom on the plane, please.
In recent years, efforts to make those things happen have met with mixed results.
Consumer advocates such as John Breyault, a vice president of the National Consumers League, are pushing for legislation that would relieve one of the biggest pain points for travelers: add-on fees, known in airline-speak as “ancillary fees.” The legislation is called the FAIR Fees Act, and it nearly passed last year.
The FAIR Fees Act would require that cancellation fees, baggage fees and other fees be "reasonable and proportional" to the costs incurred by airlines. It received bipartisan support in the Senate; ultimately, a huge lobbying campaign against it by the airlines doomed it.
NCL’s last public effort was a joint letter signed by several consumer advocacy organizations asking for FAIR’s provisions to be included in the latest Federal Aviation Administration reauthorization bill. It was unsuccessful, but the organization’s efforts are ongoing.
“There is a new impetus for this,” Breyault told me. The Aeroflot emergency landing earlier this month in Russia, in which some passengers grabbed luggage from overhead bins before evacuating the burning plane in which at least 40 people died, is putting the focus back on added fees, especially for checked baggage.
Kevin Mitchell, whose Business Travel Coalition represents corporate travelers, says airline alliances also deserve some legislative attention. The Transportation Department exempts airlines from U.S. antitrust laws, which allows them to establish code-sharing agreements to jointly operate flights. (When you see a notation next to your flight itinerary that says "operated by," that’s often a code-share flight.)
Mitchell says code-sharing has hurt competition on many routes and needs to be reined in.
"Those alliances went from 41 percent market share in the U.S.-to-Europe market in 2000 to some 90 percent today," he says. That sent airfares soaring by more than 20 percent. Mitchell says if airlines lost their antitrust immunity, it might increase competition and, thus, lower fares. He is lobbying Congress to take a closer look at airline immunity and says the effort is ongoing.
Hotels are under scrutiny from consumer advocates because of mandatory resort fees. The American Society of Travel Advisors (ASTA) says a survey it commissioned found that 61 percent of American travelers oppose these fees, which are often charged in addition to the advertised price.
"We support transparency in travel pricing," says Eben Peck, ASTA’s executive vice president for advocacy. "Hidden resort fees violate that principle."
The Truth in Hotel Advertising Act, introduced in 2016 by then-Sen. Claire McCaskill (D., Mo.), was the opening salvo in a war on resort fees. The bill seems to have gone the way of McCaskill, who lost re-election, but Peck says organizations such as ASTA will continue to fight for a legislative solution.
There’s also a grass-roots effort called Kill Resort Fees that has been applying steady pressure to the biggest offenders. Some resorts in Las Vegas — including the SLS, Golden Nugget, and Red Rock Resort — have launched marketing campaigns in recent months offering rooms without resort fees.
Other travel industry practices have not been targeted by legislation but should be. They include fraudulent rental car repair bills, for example, which I’ve been tracking for years. I believed that intense public pressure and lawsuits had all but eliminated the practice, but recent correspondence with readers suggests that this is not the case.
For instance, David Howe, who owns a credit-consulting company in Massillon, Ohio, and is entangled in a long-running dispute with Enterprise, wants to lobby for a comprehensive law that would make frivolous car-rental damage claims illegal.
People often ask me if there’s one law that might fix all of these problems at once. Unfortunately, no. But a stricter price-disclosure law would address many of them.
In Australia, businesses must "clearly" disclose an all-in price at the beginning of the purchase. Consumers can report violations to the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, the country’s consumer-protection and competition agency, which can lead to enforcement action. The U.S. Federal Trade Commission could require an inclusive price, but so far it hasn’t.
A stricter price-disclosure rule would end a lot of shenanigans with hotel resort fees and airline ancillary fees. It might even protect consumers like Howe, who was charged extra after returning a rental vehicle.
But maybe the right place to start would be enforcing laws already on the books. In 2016, Congress passed a law that requires airlines to seat children 13 or younger with a family member older than 13 at no additional cost. Airlines opposed the law because it would interfere with their ability to make money from the sale of pre-assigned seats. So far, the Transportation Department hasn’t created the necessary regulation to enforce the law.
Congress passed a law in October that requires the FAA to set minimum airline seat sizes. Seat-size complaints are among the most common ones about air travel. An FAA spokesperson said the agency is “aware of the congressional mandate” but has not set a rule-making schedule. It has until Oct. 5 to do so.