Welcome to The Field Clinic, where our mission is to explain and interpret the laws, policies and politics that drive our health care system. The topics we cover have been part of the Check Up blog for the past three years, and they now have a blog of their own. We are also adding a new contributor, Erica Cohen, a third-year law student who concentrates in health law. We hope you find the entries informative and thought-provoking and look forward to presenting cogent and rational debate on issues at the heart of American health care - Robert I. Field
Remember death panels? Many people not only remember them but apparently still believe they are part of Obamacare.
Death panels are the government boards that opponents claimed would review the medical status of elderly Americans under health reform. Those found undeserving would be left to die without access to care.
The charge was first raised by Sarah Palin in 2009. She claimed the law would let bureaucrats use subjective judgments to decide who was worthy of health care. The accusation gained a lot of attention in the press.
However, it had no basis in fact. Neither she nor anyone else was able to identify any provision in the law that creates such panels.
But that doesn't seem to have affected public perceptions. In an Associated Press-GfK poll reported this week, 41 percent of respondents agreed that Obamacare will "Create committees of people who will review the medical histories of some people and decide whether they can get medical care paid for by the federal government." Even more remarkable, the percentage that believes this has actually risen since 2010, when it was 39 percent.
Respondents misconstrued several other aspects of the law, as well. Only 14 percent were correct most of the time in judging whether it actually included a series of sample of provisions. Thirty-nine percent believed that a government health care identification card will be required in order to receive care. And 54 percent believed that some doctors and hospitals will be required to treat illegal immigrants for free.
However, on a number of points, public knowledge seems to be solid. Sixty-nine percent were aware that there is a penalty for not having health insurance, 80 percent that large employers face a penalty for failing to offer coverage to their workers, 67 percdent that small companies can get tax credits for offering coverage, 72 percent that insurers must issue policies regardless of an applicant's health status, and 80 percent that young adults can stay on their parents' policies up to age 26.
None of these percentages have changed much since 2010. And neither have public attitudes toward the law. In 2012, 32 percent supported it and 37 percent were opposed. In 2010, the score was 30 percent in favor and 40 percent opposed.
Put all of this together, and the poll shows that after all of the political and legal battles of the last two years, the public has moved very little either in its understanding of or support for health reform. About the same proportion of people like it, think it does too much, and think it should do more. And knowledge (or lack of it) concerning what the law actually says remains about the same.
However, on one point, public attitudes have changed. A majority now expects Obamacare to be implemented with no or only minor revisions. Only 12 percent think it will be completely repealed. In other words, the law is now widely viewed as a permanent part of American health care.
Obama has focused much of his energy since health reform was enacted on defending it against political and legal attacks. He has devoted surprisingly little attention to explaining what his law actually says.
Now that the public sees implementation as inevitable, it may be more open to receiving full and accurate information. The only thing Obama has to lose from better communication is some of the misunderstanding and opposition.
The sooner people forget about death panels, the better.