McDonald's Corp. will raise pay at company-owned locations to at least $1 more than the local minimum wage and begin offering vacation benefits, aiming to gain an edge on rivals in a more competitive labor market.

The move, which takes effect July 1, will apply to about 90,000 workers, the company said Wednesday. It won't affect the 90-plus percent of restaurants that are run by franchisees who set their own wages and benefits. By the end of 2016, the fast-food chain expects workers at company-owned sites to earn more than $10 an hour on average.

In its pledge to improve pay and benefits, McDonald's is joining a growing roster of major U.S. employers. In recent months, Wal-Mart Stores Inc., Target Corp., and TJX Cos. have all vowed to boost pay to at least $9 an hour this year. McDonald's and other chains also have come under pressure from labor groups, which are demanding a $15-an-hour wage and the right to unionize.

"With the economy picking up, restaurants everywhere have had higher turnover," said John Gordon, founder of Pacific Management Consulting Group in San Diego. "They don't feel like they have to stay at the same place."

McDonald's also will let workers earn time off annually once they have worked a year. An employee who works 20 hours a week, for example, could be eligible for about 20 hours of paid time off per year.

Though the pay hike doesn't affect most McDonald's workers, it marks a dramatic early move for new chief executive officer Steve Easterbrook. After his promotion to the top job last month, Easterbrook has been working to reignite growth. Other efforts include a test of all-day breakfast at San Diego restaurants and a touch-screen system that lets customers customize burgers and sandwiches.

McDonald's has been grappling with sluggish sales at home and a health scare in Asia, where a supplier was accused of repackaging old meat after it was past its expiration date. U.S. same-store sales fell 4 percent in February, a worse decline than analysts had predicted.

The pay raise is part of a push to transform McDonald's into a modern, progressive burger company, said Peter Saleh, an analyst at Telsey Advisory Group in New York. That means good food, updated restaurants, and better service, he said.

"If you're going to underpay your people, I don't see how you can have great service," he said. "They had to do something."

The "Fight for $15" movement, which has union backing, has staged protests against McDonald's and other chains since 2012. This week, the group said it was planning fast-food strikes and protests across the U.S. on April 15. That plan didn't change with McDonald's pay pledge Wednesday. In fact, the groups said they would protest outside McDonald's locations Thursday to criticize the company for not going far enough.

"It's clear the real reason McDonald's is doing this is because workers have been going on strike for over two years," Kendall Fells, the organizing director of Fight for $15, said on a conference call. "This isn't enough, and workers will keep striking until they get $15 and a union."

Besides raising wages, McDonald's will expand its Archways to Opportunities education program, helping employees finish high school and pay for college tuition. The assistance will be offered to workers at both company-owned and independent restaurants. McDonald's has about 750,000 employees total in the U.S.

The wage hikes will apply to workers up to restaurant managers, based on tenure and performance.