GRAPEVINE, Texas - The Boy Scouts of America threw open its ranks Thursday to gay scouts but not gay scout leaders - a fiercely contested compromise that some warned could fracture the organization and lead to mass defections of members and donors.
Of the roughly 1,400 voting members of the BSA's National Council who cast ballots, 61 percent supported the proposal drafted by the governing executive committee. The policy change takes effect Jan. 1.
"This has been a challenging chapter in our history," the BSA chief executive, Wayne Brock, said after the vote. "While people have differing opinions on this policy, kids are better off when they're in scouting."
However, the outcome will not end the bitter debate over the scouts' membership policy.
Liberal scout leaders - while supporting the proposal to accept gay youth - have made clear they also want the ban on gay adults lifted. In contrast, conservatives with the scouts - including some churches that sponsor scout units - wanted to continue excluding gay youths, in some cases threatening to defect if the ban were lifted.
"We are deeply saddened," said Frank Page, president of the Southern Baptist Convention's executive committee. "Homosexual behavior is incompatible with the principles enshrined in the scout oath and scout law."
The Assemblies of God, another conservative denomination, said the policy change "will lead to a mass exodus from the Boy Scout program." It also warned that the change would make the BSA vulnerable to lawsuits seeking to end the ban on gay adults.
Texas Gov. Rick Perry also expressed dismay. "While I will always cherish my time as a scout and the life lessons I learned, I am greatly disappointed with this decision," he said.
The result was welcomed by many liberal members of the scout community and by gay-rights activists, though most of the praise was coupled with calls for ending the ban on gay adults.
"I'm so proud of how far we've come, but until there's a place for everyone in scouting, my work will continue," said Jennifer Tyrrell, whose ouster as a Cub Scout den leader in Ohio because she is lesbian launched a national protest movement.
Pascal Tessier, 16, a Boy Scout from Maryland, was elated by the outcome. Tessier, who is gay, is on track to earn his Eagle Scout award and was concerned that his goal would be thwarted if the proposed change had been rejected.
"I was thinking that today could be my last day as a Boy Scout," Tessier said. "Obviously, for gay scouts like me, this vote is life-changing."
The vote followed what the BSA described as "the most comprehensive listening exercise in scouting's history" to gauge opinions.
Back in January, the BSA executive committee had suggested a plan to give sponsors of local scout units the option of admitting gays as both youth members and adult leaders or continuing to exclude them. However, the plan won little praise, and the BSA changed course after assessing responses to surveys sent out starting in February to members of the scouting community.
Of the more than 200,000 leaders, parents, and youth members who responded, 61 percent supported the current policy of excluding gays, while 34 percent opposed it. Most parents of young scouts, as well as youth members themselves, opposed the ban.
The proposal approved Thursday was seen as a compromise, and the scouts stressed that they would not condone sexual conduct by any scout - gay or straight.
"The Boy Scouts of America will not sacrifice its mission, or the youth served by the movement, by allowing the organization to be consumed by a single, divisive and unresolved societal issue," the BSA said in a statement.
Since the executive committee just completed a lengthy review process, there were "no plans for further review on this matter," the group added, indicating it would not be revisiting the ban on gay adults anytime soon.
Among those voting for the proposal to accept openly gay youth was Thomas Roberts, of Dawsonville, Ga., who serves on the board of a scout council in Georgia. "It was a very hard decision for this organization," he said. "I think ultimately it will be viewed as the right thing."
The BSA's "traditional youth membership" - Cub Scouts, Boy Scouts and Venturers - is now about 2.6 million, compared with more than 4 million in peak years of the past. It also has about a million adult leaders and volunteers.