President-elect Donald Trump will nominate Iowa Gov. Terry Branstad, a longtime friend of Chinese President Xi Jinping, for Ambassador to China, the U.S.'s most important trade partner and its largest economic rival.
Jason Miller, a spokesman for Trump's presidential transition operation, confirmed the selection in a conference call with reporters on Wednesday. Branstad, a Republican, has accepted the offer, three people close to the matter said on condition of anonymity.
The decision comes at a time of heightened tensions with China after Trump abandoned almost four decades of diplomatic protocol on Dec. 2 by speaking directly with the leader of Taiwan, which Beijing considers a rogue province. Trump has been critical of China's currency policies and military build-up. He hasn't named his choice for secretary of state, the top U.S. diplomatic post.
Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Lu Kang called Branstad an "old friend" of that nation's people.
"We'd welcome him to play a bigger role in advancing China-U.S. relations," the spokesman said at a regular briefing Wednesday. "No matter who takes this position, we're willing to work together to push the Sino-U.S. relationship to consistent, healthy and steady development."
Branstad arrived at Trump Tower in New York Tuesday afternoon with his wife, Chris, and his chief of staff, Michael Bousselot. A contingent of Trump's top advisers gathered for the meeting with Branstad, including Trump's chief of staff, Reince Priebus, chief strategist Steve Bannon, Donald Trump Jr. and Trump's son-in-law, Jared Kushner, according to two people familiar with the matter.
An hour after Branstad went up the elevator to Trump's office, he re-emerged in the lobby, where he told reporters he wouldn't comment on whether he was offered a post.
"I'm really excited about the quality of people that he's attracting to the Cabinet," Branstad said. "I'm very proud to have supported Donald Trump for president."
Trump will be in Iowa on Thursday for a stop on his post-election victory tour. The longest-serving governor in U.S. history, Branstad, 70, started a second run as governor in 2011. He previously held the job from 1983 to 1999.
Branstad's friendship with Xi may be one of the reasons Trump picked him for the ambassador post. Two days before the Nov. 8 presidential election, during a rally in Sioux City, Trump singled out Branstad as an ideal liaison to China. "You would be our prime candidate to take care of China," Trump said in calling the governor to the stage.
Branstad and Xi met when China's leader made his first trip to Iowa in 1985 during a sister-state exchange. At the time Xi was a young agricultural official from Hebei province, working as director of the Feed Association of Shijiazhuang Prefecture.
The two men have reconnected several times since then. Despite their cultural differences, the pair forged strong bonds and have used their mutual love of agriculture to bridge the gap between their respective countries on human rights, economic issues and other tensions.
Branstad in 2012 feted Xi, then China's vice president, with an elaborate dinner at the Iowa Capitol in Des Moines, and days after Trump's election embarked on a previously planned, week-long trade mission to China and Japan, his fourth trip to China in the last seven years.
Branstad, unlike some establishment Republicans in other states, was an enthusiastic backer of Trump even during some of the most difficult spells during the campaign. The governor's older son, Eric, served as state director for Trump's campaign.
Iowa favored Trump by about 9 percentage points over Democrat Hillary Clinton, after twice voting for President Barack Obama. Trump carried Iowa by the largest margin for a Republican since Ronald Reagan in 1980.
China is Iowa's second-largest export market, behind Canada. Figures from the U.S.-China Business Council show Iowa exported $2.3 billion in goods and $273 million in services to China in 2015. Crop production accounted for some $1.4 billion of the exports. Agricultural machinery, chemicals and other products were also sold.
Among the main challenges facing the new ambassador will be Trump's potential trade policy, including a vow to name China as a currency manipulator; state-sponsored computer hacking; and tensions surrounding China's territorial claims in the South China Sea.