2019 has been a tough year for meat. The Impossible Whopper, Burger King’s signature sandwich featuring Impossible Foods’ hyped-up vegan patty, conquered the drive-through. And Beyond Meat’s products — burgers, plant-based ground meat, sausages — are displayed in the meat case at the supermarket, much to the consternation of cattle ranchers.

Now, turkey might be in trouble, too. Increasingly, as people embrace plant-based diets for ethical, environmental, and health reasons, it’s not so unusual to hear about a bird-free Thanksgiving. Even meat-lover and cookbook author Chrissy Teigen is considering a Tofurkey for her holiday table.

After years of cooking a giant turkey, with the typical butter- and cream-heavy assortment of side dishes, this year, I have decided to throw a plant-based holiday. Most of my guests are omnivores, and though they may be more skeptical than they’re letting on, everyone is willing to give vegan Thanksgiving a chance.

“Trust me, they’ll all appreciate not having the food coma that gets you after the usual Thanksgiving dinner,” says Monica DeRosa of Springfield Township. She’s been making vegan Thanksgivings for her immediate family for about a decade. “I opted out of my extended family’s meal at my mother’s house. We invited everyone, but no one came. They really wanted that turkey,” she says.

But in 2012, DeRosa’s mother, the family’s perennial Thanksgiving cook, was recovering from surgery and not up to the job.

“Everyone came to my house that year — reluctantly — because they had nowhere else to go!” says DeRosa.

But since then, every Thanksgiving has been at her house. Her family now comes voluntarily. “People were surprised how much they liked it, how much it felt like Thanksgiving even without the turkey, and now they look forward to it and even brag about it to their friends. We call it our compassion feast,” says DeRosa.

Her advice to me in preparation for my own first meatless Thanksgiving is to honor the traditions as much as possible. “Make the stuffing, make gravy, make sure the house smells like rosemary and sage,” she suggests.

That advice was echoed by vegan cooking authorities as well. Rich Landau, chef of Vedge and V Street restaurants, is Philadelphia’s foremost expert on vegan cooking and he, too, hews to classic dishes for the Thanksgiving meal he makes his own extended family every year.

Rich Landau, 52, of Cheltenham, Pa., Co-Owner and Chef at Vedge, poses for a portrait in the kitchen of Vedge on Wednesday, Nov. 6, 2019. Landau recommended a Mushroom Pot Roast for vegans to cook for a Thanksgiving dinner. "When I first became a vegetarian there was nothing to eat," Landau said. "So I had to teach myself to cook. I was born out of this idea that food is about flavor. I get to demonstrate with customers that you don't need meat to have an amazing meal."
TYGER WILLIAMS / Staff Photographer
Rich Landau, 52, of Cheltenham, Pa., Co-Owner and Chef at Vedge, poses for a portrait in the kitchen of Vedge on Wednesday, Nov. 6, 2019. Landau recommended a Mushroom Pot Roast for vegans to cook for a Thanksgiving dinner. "When I first became a vegetarian there was nothing to eat," Landau said. "So I had to teach myself to cook. I was born out of this idea that food is about flavor. I get to demonstrate with customers that you don't need meat to have an amazing meal."

“Family expects tradition. The meal is still rich and indulgent. It’s vegan, but not necessarily all that healthy,” he says.

He uses plenty of vegan butter products, including Miyoko’s and Earth Balance, to mimic the flavors and textures everyone wants at a holiday meal.

As you might expect, Landau focuses on the vegetables. “People forget the original Thanksgiving wasn’t about a turkey. It was about the harvest. This is the last hurrah before the crops are gone,” he says. He has a formula for choosing which vegetables will make up the majority of the menu: “One brassica, one root vegetable, one green vegetable, and something raw. That keeps things from getting redundant.”

Even with a fantastic array of vegetable dishes, on Thanksgiving, it can feel incomplete. The sides need something to orbit around. “What do you put on the table where the turkey used to be?” says Landau. He’s had different answers over the years, including a mushroom pot roast featuring large mushrooms, like portobellos, roasted whole so they can be carved at the table. He’s also done oversized winter squashes stuffed with braised cabbage.

“Whatever it is, when you put it on the table, you want people to say, ‘Wow.’”

Rich Landau of Vedge makes mushroom pot roast as a centerpiece for a meatless Thanksgiving dinner.
TYGER WILLIAMS / Staff Photographer
Rich Landau of Vedge makes mushroom pot roast as a centerpiece for a meatless Thanksgiving dinner.

This year, as a first-timer at this plant-based Thanksgiving dinner thing, I’m too nervous to attempt a show-stopping vegetarian main dish on my own, so I ordered a seitan roast from Rachel Klein, whose vegan catering business, Miss Rachel’s Pantry, has filled thousands of orders for Thanksgiving dishes for the past 11 years. In addition, Klein cooks and hosts a holiday dinner for her own family.

Her best advice for assembling a plant-based spread applies to traditional meals, too: “Do as much as you possibly can in advance,” she says.

Like DeRosa and Landau, Klein says making a menu of Thanksgiving favorites means guests will likely be happy and satisfied even without a turkey. She makes an aromatic bread stuffing with carrots, celery, onion, and herbs. Her version of the beloved green bean casserole is bound with a thick mushroom gravy and topped with crunchy onions, just like the original. And her mashed potatoes are every bit as rich, fluffy, and satisfying as those filled with dairy.

Owner Rachel Klein demonstrates her vegan roasted garlic mashed potatoes recipe at Miss Rachel's Pantry in South Philadelphia.
TIM TAI / Staff Photographer
Owner Rachel Klein demonstrates her vegan roasted garlic mashed potatoes recipe at Miss Rachel's Pantry in South Philadelphia.

Given that some mashed potato recipes call for as much butter and cream as they do potatoes, a vegan version that anyone would love is easier than you might think, according to Klein. “Start with Yukon golds—they naturally have a buttery flavor.”

She suggests cutting them into quarters instead of boiling the potatoes whole to ensure even cooking. And make sure you mash the potatoes when they are nice and hot. Klein’s spuds are enriched with dairy-free butter and nondairy milk and seasoned well with salt.

Owner Rachel Klein's vegan roasted garlic mashed potatoes are pictured at Miss Rachel's Pantry in South Philadelphia. The recipe uses non-dairy butter, coconut milk, and soy milk.
TIM TAI / Staff Photographer
Owner Rachel Klein's vegan roasted garlic mashed potatoes are pictured at Miss Rachel's Pantry in South Philadelphia. The recipe uses non-dairy butter, coconut milk, and soy milk.

“I also encourage you to just buy dessert if you don’t want to make it — there are a lot of great vegan bakeries in Philly,” she says. And most grocery stores stock Klein’s own favorite Thanksgiving dessert — nondairy ice cream.

If you are feeling ambitious and want to make (vegan) dessert, though, that’s absolutely possible. Most stores stock pre-made vegan pie crust, and the internet abounds with vegan pumpkin pie recipes.

But why not think a little outside of the box? That’s what vegan pastry maven, cooking teacher, and cookbook author Fran Costigan does. She deletes pumpkin from the dessert menu in favorite of her preferred ingredient: Chocolate. She especially loves pecan-cranberry cocoa cake, which has a layer of tart berries, crunchy pecans, rolled oats sandwiched into a vegan chocolate cake.

Vegan Baker, Fran Costigan, prepares a cranberry chocolate pecan cake in Philadelphia, Pa. Monday, November 11, 2019. The cake is consider a vegetarian Thanksgiving dish
JOSE F. MORENO / Staff Photographer
Vegan Baker, Fran Costigan, prepares a cranberry chocolate pecan cake in Philadelphia, Pa. Monday, November 11, 2019. The cake is consider a vegetarian Thanksgiving dish

“Dessert is personal. People want something that reads party, this particular cake is easy to make. It can be made ahead and frozen without any loss of flavor, and it has Thanksgiving components — cranberry, pecans, and everyone loves chocolate,” she says.

For those wanting to make their own favorite recipes vegan, Costigan says it’s easier than ever. “Today, we have ready-made egg replacers. Aquafaba [the liquid inside a can of chickpeas] makes a lot of vegan desserts possible. And the new dairy-free butters, like Miyoko’s, are excellent,” she says. Don’t be afraid to experiment.

Like Klein, she endorses store-bought vegan ice cream. “A make-your-own sundae bar is a nice option for those who don’t want to labor over dessert,” says Costigan.

At my house, we’ll have my homemade vegan pumpkin pie to end the meal. I’ve served it before, without explaining its lack of dairy and eggs, and no one could tell the difference. After dinner, instead of reclining before the football game or complaining of stomachaches, I’m hoping we can all go for a walk.

Thanksgiving Mushroom Pot Roast


Fette Sau’s brown sugar- and espresso-based dry rub, from Joe Carroll’s ‘Feeding the Fire.’
Tyger Williams/Staff Photographer
Mushroom pot roast from the Vedge co-owner and chef Rich Landau.

Serves 4


3 pounds assorted exotic whole mushrooms, such as cremini and portobello

¼ cup sunflower oil

1 teaspoon salt, plus more to taste

1 teaspoon black pepper

2 tablespoons minced garlic

¼ cup minced shallot

1 tablespoon dried sage

¼ cup Marsala wine

2 teaspoons vegan Worcestershire sauce

1 tablespoon fresh thyme leaves

¼ cup vegan butter

3 sprigs fresh rosemary


Preheat the oven to 400 degrees. Toss the mushrooms in the oil with the salt, pepper, garlic, shallot, and sage. Arrange the mushrooms in a baking dish and bake, uncovered, for 8 minutes.


Add the wine, Worcestershire sauce, and thyme and bake another 5 minutes. Add the butter and rosemary sprigs and stir. Bake for 3 minutes more, until the rosemary turns bright green and the mushrooms are tender and cooked through.


Serve the mushrooms whole and carve tableside, using any liquid from the baking dish as a sauce.


— Rich Landau of Vedge

Vegan Mashed Potatoes


Fette Sau’s brown sugar- and espresso-based dry rub, from Joe Carroll’s ‘Feeding the Fire.’
Tim Tai/Staff Photographer
Rachel Klein’s vegan roasted garlic mashed potatoes.

Serves 8


5 pounds Yukon gold potatoes, peeled and quartered

½ cup vegan butter

1 cup full-fat coconut milk

1 cup plain soy milk

6 cloves roasted garlic, mashed to a paste


Bring a large pot of salted water to a boil, then add the potatoes. Cook until just tender, about 15 minutes. (Remove a piece from boiling water and cut with a fork to make sure the center is soft). Drain the potatoes, but do not rinse.


While the potatoes are hot, transfer to a large mixing bowl and smash in the vegan butter with a potato masher until there are very few lumps. With a spoon, stir in the coconut milk, soy milk, and roasted garlic. Season to taste with salt and pepper.


— Rachel Klein of Miss Rachel’s Pantry

Pecan-Cranberry Cocoa Cake


Fette Sau’s brown sugar- and espresso-based dry rub, from Joe Carroll’s ‘Feeding the Fire.’
Jose Moreno/Staff Photographer
Vegan baker Fran Costigan’s cranberry chocolate pecan cake.

Makes one 9-inch cake


Filling

½ cup dried cranberries

¼ cup orange, cranberry, or apple juice (or boiling water)

¾ cup pecans, toasted and cooled, coarsely chopped

¼ cup rolled oats

½ cup vegan cane sugar

3 tablespoons vegan chocolate chips


Cake

1¾ cups all-purpose flour

¼ cup Dutch-process cocoa powder

⅓ cup vegan cane sugar

1 teaspoon baking powder

1 teaspoon baking soda

1½ teaspoon ground cinnamon

½ teaspoon fine sea salt

5 tablespoons neutral oil

¾ cup pure maple syrup, grade A, dark

¾ cup any nondairy milk

1 teaspoon pure vanilla extract

1 tablespoon apple cider vinegar


Make the filling: Mix the cranberries and juice or water in a small bowl and set aside for about 15 minutes, or until the cranberries are softened. Drain the cranberries, reserving 1 tablespoon of the soaking liquid. Spoon the cranberries back into the bowl, and add the pecans, oats, sugar, and chocolate chips. Mix to coat. Set aside while you mix the cake batter. Add the reserved tablespoon of juice or soaking liquid to the filling if the filling is dry.


Make the cake: Position a rack in the center of the oven and preheat to 350 degrees. Oil the sides and bottom of a 9-inch round cake pan and line the bottom with a parchment.


Place a wire mesh strainer over a medium bowl. Add the flour, cocoa, sugar, baking powder, baking soda, cinnamon, and salt to the strainer and stir with a whisk to sift the ingredients into the bowl. Whisk to aerate the mixture.


In a separate medium bowl, whisk the oil, maple syrup, nondairy milk, vanilla, and vinegar. Pour into the dry mixture and whisk until the batter is smooth. The batter will be thick but pourable.


Pour about half the batter into the prepared cake pan. Sprinkle with half the filling. Top with the remaining batter, using a small spatula to spread the batter to the sides of the pan if necessary. Sprinkle the remaining filling over the batter.


Bake for 34 to 38 minutes, or until the cake has begun to pull away from the sides of the pan and a wooden toothpick inserted into the center comes out clean or with just a few moist crumbs.


Cool the pan on a wire rack for 10 minutes. Invert the cake on the rack and carefully remove the parchment.


— Fran Costigan, cooking teacher and cookbook author