Joe Biden “abandoned Scranton.”
President Donald Trump, at a rally in Old Forge, Pa. on Aug. 20, 2020

Hours before Joe Biden accepted the Democratic presidential nomination, President Donald Trump held a campaign rally just outside Biden’s childhood hometown and accused him of having “abandoned” the place. Biden was 10 when his family moved away from Scranton.

Speaking to supporters gathered in Old Forge, Pa., Trump said this about Biden and Scranton:

“He keeps talking about, ‘I was born in Scranton. I lived in Scranton.’ Yeah, for a few years, and then he left for another state. You know the state. But this Scranton stuff. That’s why I figured I’d come here and explain to you one thing. But I think you people know it better than I do. He left! He abandoned Pennsylvania. He abandoned Scranton.”

Biden’s family did move to Delaware when he was a kid. But Trump’s retelling is a distortion of Biden’s enduring relationship with his hometown. Our research shows that Biden maintained close personal relationships and professional ties to Scranton in the more than six decades since he left.

Trump and his campaign also say Biden abandoned the people of Scranton less literally by supporting free trade policies that decimated the city’s manufacturing sector. We’ll get to that one in a bit.

Biden’s Scranton roots trace back to 1851, when his paternal great-great-grandfather, Patrick Blewitt, left Ireland after the potato famine and immigrated to the city. He was an engineer who helped design the layout of Scranton’s streets. Biden’s maternal great-grandfather, James Finnegan, also came to Scranton after his father immigrated from Ireland in 1849.

Biden’s parents and both sets of grandparents met in Scranton.

He lived in the city until 1953, when his father, who had been commuting to Wilmington to clean boilers for a heating and cooling company, decided to move the family there. But Biden continued to spend most of his summers and holidays with his mother’s family in Green Ridge, the predominantly Irish Catholic Scranton neighborhood of his early childhood.

In a 2010 interview with GQ, Biden said he visits Scranton often and quipped that he shows up “anytime Scranton needs something.”

“I don’t know how to say no to them. For real. I really don’t,” Biden said. “You know, it’s still home.”

He returned to Scranton at least half-a-dozen times in the 1970s after he became a U.S. senator from Delaware, Scranton Times-Tribune clips show.

Biden spoke at the annual Friendly Sons of St. Patrick of Lackawanna County dinner in 1973, a few weeks after losing his first wife and his daughter in a deadly car accident and being sworn into office at his sons’ hospital bedside. In 1976, he was the University of Scranton’s undergraduate commencement speaker. And in 1978, he held a campaign fund-raiser dubbed a “Scranton Salute,” where then-Mayor Gene Hickey gave him a key to the city. Two Republicans, former Lackawanna County commissioner Robert Pettinato and former sheriff Joseph Wincovitch, helped host the fund-raiser.

» READ MORE: Trump says Biden ‘abandoned Scranton’ in Pa. visit just before Biden’s Democratic convention speech

Throughout his time in Congress, Biden was often called the state’s “third senator.” Biden’s Scranton ties have even been satirized twice by Saturday Night Live.

During his tenure as vice president and while campaigning for office, Biden visited the greater Scranton area at least 15 times, his official schedule shows, including in 2011 after flooding from Tropical Storm Lee caused hundreds of millions of dollars of property damage in Northeastern Pennsylvania.

After touring the damage, Biden did what he often does when he visits Scranton on business: He caught up with childhood friends. The Times-Tribune reported that Biden met with friends from Green Ridge and their families at the Wilkes-Barre Scranton International Airport before boarding Air Force Two.

One person who wasn’t there that day in 2011 was Charlie Roth, whom Biden had described as his “closest friend for 54 years” when he returned to Scranton to eulogize him in 2000.

Another childhood friend of Biden’s was Jimmy Kennedy, a former Scranton district magistrate whom he called “the maestro of our little gang.” Kennedy’s front porch overlooked the backyard of Biden’s childhood home on North Washington Avenue.

And when Biden entered national politics, his Scranton friends were there to support him.

Kennedy chartered a bus to Wilmington with other Biden supporters from Scranton in 1988 when Biden launched his first bid for the presidency. A Times-Tribune photographer captured him holding a banner at the campaign kickoff in Wilmington that read, “Scranton, Pa. Claims Biden.” (Kennedy died last year.)

Two other close friends, Larry Orr and Tom Bell, went to the same school, worshiped at the same parish, and played in the same little league. Both men still live in the greater Scranton area and were quoted in a recent Times-Tribune story remarking that it feels like Biden never left.

“We used to joke about it,” Bell, 77, a semi-retired insurance agency owner, told the Tribune. “He was always here.”

“There’s nothing phony about him,” Orr, 77, a retired union electrician, who was an usher at Joe and Neilia Biden’s wedding in August 1966, told the Tribune. “As far as our friendships, as far as Scranton, he’s not just saying that, he’s not just giving you lip service.”

Bill Conaboy grew up in Scranton, too, and said he saw Biden’s compassion first-hand when his 93-year-old father, a former federal judge, had a heart attack in 2018. Biden drove to Scranton that night and sat at the judge’s hospital bedside with his family. Bill recalled how Biden kissed his father’s forehead and knelt beside him. Former U.S. District Judge Richard P. Conaboy died the next day.

“For President Trump to suggest that Joe Biden has anything other than deep Scranton roots is just ridiculous,” said Conaboy, 62, who is president of a regional health-care system in Northeastern and Central Pennsylvania. “We’re honored to know him and honored to consider him a friend.”

» READ MORE: The Biden the boys from Scranton know

There’s another, less literal way to assess whether Biden “abandoned” Scranton. Did the trade policies he supported harm the city’s workers? Did Biden let other countries “steal our jobs,” as Trump claimed in Old Forge? The answer to that question is more nuanced — and central to the economic debate between the two candidates.

The North American Free Trade Agreement that Biden supported in 1993 had a direct impact on Scranton’s manufacturing sector, said Iordanis Petsas, who leads the economics department at the University of Scranton. Almost 20,000 manufacturing jobs disappeared in the region between January 1994 when NAFTA took effect, and December 2016, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics data shows.

But economic policy is complex and multifaceted. Scranton’s manufacturing sector was already in decline before NAFTA, losing 6,000 jobs between 1990 and 1994, according to data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. And Petsas noted that Scranton’s education and health sectors exploded over that same period, with 14,000 new jobs added.

“We lost a lot of manufacturing jobs while gaining in other areas,” Petsas said. “That result doesn’t mean it’s bad trade policy.”

Our ruling

Trump claimed Biden “abandoned Scranton.” Biden’s family moved from Scranton to Wilmington when he was 10, but he has remained deeply connected to his birthplace for more than six decades. He has returned for commencement speeches and little league games. He’s come back for fundraisers and after floods. He went home to eulogize his childhood best friend and to comfort a mentor’s family as the man lay dying. And while one sector, which was already on the decline, struggled in the wake of policies Biden supported, a leading local economist notes that other sectors have thrived.

Trump’s version of what happened after Biden moved away is not accurate and makes a ridiculous claim. We rate it Pants on Fire.

Our sources

The Philadelphia Inquirer, “Joe Biden accepts Democratic presidential nomination, vows to unite the nation,” Aug. 20, 2020

The Philadelphia Inquirer, “Trump says Biden ‘abandoned Scranton’ in Pa. visit just before Biden’s Democratic convention speech,” Aug. 21, 2020

Rev, “Donald Trump Speech Transcript August 20: In Joe Biden’s Hometown,” Aug. 20, 2020

The New York Times, “Father’s Tough Life an Inspiration for Biden,” Oct. 23, 2008

Politico, “Democrats itching to take down Biden over free-trade past,” May 2, 2019, “Vice President Biden Answers Your Family History Questions,” June 27, 2016

The Times-Tribune, “Biden Slated to Address Friendly Sons,” Feb. 18, 1973

The Washington Post, “Trump says Biden ‘deserted’ Pennsylvania. In Scranton, he’s a ‘hometown boy,’” May 21, 2019

GQ, “$#!% Joe Biden Says,” Nov. 19, 2010

University of Scranton, “Honorary Degree Recipients,” Accessed Aug. 28, 2020

The Times-Tribune, “Biden Gets Welcome, Key, Funds,” Aug. 28, 1978

The Morning Call, “OBAMA - BIDEN **VP choice often called ‘Pennsylvania’s third senator,’” Aug. 24, 2008

YouTube, “VP Debate: Sarah Palin and Joe Biden - SNL - YouTube,” Jan. 7, 2020

The Patriot News, “Vice President Joe Biden promises federal aid to northeast Pa. residents beleaguered by record flooding,” Sept. 16, 2011

The Philadelphia Inquirer, “The Biden the boys from Scranton know,” Aug. 31, 2008

The Times-Tribune, “World changing woman got start in city,” May 5, 2001

The Times-Tribune, “Former Scranton Magisterial District Judge James Kennedy Dies at 78,” Jan. 11 2019

The Times-Tribune, “The Roots Are Real,” Aug. 16, 2020

AP, “Federal judge Conaboy dies in Pennsylvania at age 93,” Nov. 9, 2018

Email interview, spokesperson for the Biden campaign, Aug. 25, 2020

Email interview, spokesperson for the Trump campaign, Aug. 26, 2020

Phone interview, Bill Conaboy, Aug. 27, 2020

Phone interview, Iordanis Petsas, Aug. 28, 2020

Politifact, “Donald Trump wrong that Joe Biden abandoned Scranton,” May 21, 2019

PolitiFact is a nonpartisan, fact-checking website operated by the nonprofit Poynter Institute for Media Studies.