“Murders this year have spiked 27% in Philadelphia.”
President Donald Trump, July 22, 2020

President Donald Trump this week threatened to send federal law enforcement agents into major American cities to combat a surge in violent crime, with Philadelphia as one of his targets.

His initial announcement Monday came days after camouflage-clad federal agents swept demonstrators off the streets of Portland, Ore. — a heavy-handed response that drew criticism from several Democratic mayors, including Philadelphia’s Jim Kenney.

“Murders this year have spiked 27% in Philadelphia,” Trump said Wednesday during a speech from the East Room of the White House.

Trump is correct. So far this year, there have been 232 homicides in Philadelphia, 50 more than at this time last year, city crime statistics show. That’s an increase of 27%. Five people have been murdered across the city since Monday night alone.

Violent crimes such as rape, robbery, and some types of aggravated assault have fallen amid the coronavirus pandemic. But homicides and nonfatal shootings have not abated, frustrating city leaders who have called for calm. Other cities, like Chicago and Detroit, have also been battling a rise in shootings during the pandemic.

One day last month, 23 people were shot across Philadelphia — the most in a single day since at least 2013. Six of the victims died, including a 6-year-old boy who police believe was mistakenly shot by a 5-year-old boy inside an Upper Holmesburg house.

Police Commissioner Danielle Outlaw and District Attorney Larry Krasner have pledged to increase the number of gun violence cases that result in arrest and prosecution. They also say tackling the widespread poverty that underpins much of the city’s violent crime is a critical part of the solution.

City resources have been stretched thin because of the ongoing protests sparked by the police killing of George Floyd in Minneapolis, Kenny said earlier this month.

City Council President Darrell L. Clarke called the source of the rising crime rate a “perfect storm” of problems, including widespread poverty, the coronavirus, the ongoing unrest, and easy access to guns — issues he said City Council was working to improve.

“At the end of the day, we’ve got to get through this,” Clarke said. “We got to figure out a way.”

Kenney said Monday he doesn’t want help from federal law enforcement officers and vowed that if Trump sends them anyway, “we would use all available means to resist such a wrongheaded effort and abuse of power.”

“To send federal agents to police U.S. cities that have not requested such aid can only impede the work of local governments and exacerbate already heightened tensions in these cities,” Kenny added.

Legal experts say it may be unconstitutional for Trump to deploy federal agents to Philadelphia without consent of local officials. The administration has cited 40 U.S. Code 1315 under the Homeland Security Act of 2002 as justification for sending officers to Portland. The rule gives the department’s secretary the power to deploy agents to protect federal property. But using that same rationale to send agents to Philadelphia, where protests over the police killing of George Floyd in Minneapolis have remained peaceful and have not threatened federal property, would be unprecedented.

Alexis Karteron, a Rutgers University associate professor of law and director of the school’s Constitutional Rights Clinic, called the administration’s reasoning “very dubious.”

“I can’t think of any legitimate reason to be sending federal law enforcement to Philadelphia right now,” Karteron said. “Federal troops descending on American cities, that is very troubling, outside of historic practices, and almost certainly illegal.”

Our ruling

Trump said “murders have spiked 27% in Philadelphia,” and city crime statistics show the same thing.

Violent crimes such as rape, robbery, and some types of aggravated assault have fallen, but homicides and nonfatal shootings have not.

We rate Trump’s statement True.

Our sources

Philadelphia Police Department, “Crime Map and Stats,” accessed July 23, 2020

PolitiFact is a nonpartisan, fact-checking website operated by the nonprofit Poynter Institute for Media Studies.