PORTLAND, Maine — An arctic blast that sent shivers across the Midwest spread across the eastern U.S. on Wednesday, with bitter weather establishing new cold-temperature records from Mississippi to Maine.

Temperatures dipped to single digits early Wednesday across parts of the Northeast, and unseasonably cold weather extended to the Gulf Coast. Forecasters projected even lower temperatures late Wednesday and early Thursday in some locations.

The frigid airmass produced mid-winter conditions, said Mark Bloomer, a meteorologist with National Weather Service in Caribou, Maine.

Record low temperatures for the date were recorded Tuesday in New York City; Buffalo, New York; Burlington, Vermont; and parts of Ohio. More daily records were broken Wednesday morning in Burlington, along with several locations in Pennsylvania.

Ben Barney shovels the sidewalk on North Center Street in downtown Corry, Pennsylvania on Tuesday, Nov. 12, 2019. Erie and Crawford counties were under a winter storm warning from the National Weather Service in Cleveland.
Jack Hanrahan / AP
Ben Barney shovels the sidewalk on North Center Street in downtown Corry, Pennsylvania on Tuesday, Nov. 12, 2019. Erie and Crawford counties were under a winter storm warning from the National Weather Service in Cleveland.

To the south, daily records fell Wednesday across a large swath of the region accustomed to milder weather.

The temperature dropped to 18 degrees in Birmingham, Alabama, early Wednesday, breaking the previous low record of 22 degrees set in 1911. More than 100 other sites in Alabama also reached historic lows, officials said.

In Greenville, Mississippi, the temperature dropped to 17 degrees, breaking a record of 23 degrees set 108 years ago.

Emma Hart, 5 of Clio, stops to lick up fresh snow as she rolls around while sledding with her father Ryan Hart on the hill behind Southwestern Classical Academy on Tuesday, Nov. 12, 2019 in Flint, Mich.
Jake May / AP
Emma Hart, 5 of Clio, stops to lick up fresh snow as she rolls around while sledding with her father Ryan Hart on the hill behind Southwestern Classical Academy on Tuesday, Nov. 12, 2019 in Flint, Mich.

Even the Gulf Coast saw temperatures below freezing, producing “sea smoke” as chilly air moved over warmer water.

The cold air followed heavy snow across a wide swath that proved deadly in some places. In southwestern Michigan, a man died Tuesday after getting trapped beneath machinery he was using to clear snow from his marijuana grow business.