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Nooks, warrens, alleyways, gardens

CARMEL-BY-THE-SEA, Calif. - A stroll around this magical bayside town that gained fame in the 1920s as a bohemian art colony is a highlight of any trip to the Monterey Peninsula.

Carmel Beach, whose bayside town, Carmel-by-the-Sea, Calif., on the Monterey Peninsula, has an understated history.
Carmel Beach, whose bayside town, Carmel-by-the-Sea, Calif., on the Monterey Peninsula, has an understated history.Read moreContra Costa Times

CARMEL-BY-THE-SEA, Calif. - A stroll around this magical bayside town that gained fame in the 1920s as a bohemian art colony is a highlight of any trip to the Monterey Peninsula.

It's always intriguing to get lost among the warrens of shops and four-star bistros, mysterious alleyways, hidden courtyards, and vibrant gardens, and to explore the fascinating architecture - a surprise around every corner - and understated history.

We wanted to get more up-close-and-personal, so we signed on with Carmel Walks for a two-hour (dog-friendly) tour.

As we waited for tour group members to assemble in the shaded courtyard of Ocean Avenue's Pine Inn (built in 1903), we chatted with our guide, Gale Wrausmann, who founded Carmel Walks 14 years ago. She grew up in San Francisco and holds a master's degree in business administration from the University of California, Berkeley; it was her passion for photography that brought her here.

"I finally moved here in 1995 and began photographing, with the idea of doing a book" due next year, she said. "I thought I knew the area well because I'd played tournament golf here. But as I explored, I was surprised by the things I was finding - which nobody knew about - so I did research on the area.

"My friends and neighbors were fascinated, so I started giving tours on Saturdays. That turned into five days a week, year-round."

The best part of her job is meeting tourists from around the globe, Wrausmann said.

"In a small town, I literally have the whole world come to my doorstep. I get exercise and earn a living at the same time."

Meanwhile, the Pine Inn courtyard was filling with the other tour members. Some were from the Bay Area, others from Chicago, Los Angeles, Dallas, Miami, and cities in Germany and England.

"I've had people on my tour from all 50 states and almost every country in the world," Wrausmann said. "We've had Broadway actors perform for us on the stage of the Forest Theater - which, by the way, was the first outdoor theater west of the Rockies [1910].

"Robert Redford's daughter lives in town, and we walked right by him one day," she said. "He was dressed down, so only one other person recognized him.

"I had the woman from England [Peggy Seeger] who inspired her husband [Ewan MacColl] to write 'The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face.' She sang it for us on the tour."

Roberta Flack popularized the song in the movie Play Misty for Me (1971), which was filmed in Carmel and starred Clint Eastwood, a longtime resident and major property owner who served as mayor from 1986 to 1988.

The animated Wrausmann is full of tidbits and anecdotes - a living history of Carmel, as we discovered during her narrated tour. We followed her down alleyways, across courtyards, up stairways (some designed by architect Julia Morgan), alongside gardens, into vintage buildings, and along the narrow streets and sidewalks of Carmel.

Because there's no street mail delivery in Carmel - that's why the post office is such a popular gathering place - there are few specific addresses. Thus, the locations here are identified by intersections.

Tour highlights included:

Church of the Wayfarer. Lincoln Street and Seventh Avenue; 831-624-3550, The 103-year-old church offers a quiet respite from the persistent (but tasteful) commercialism of the shopping district. We sat in a pew and deciphered the stories told in the stained-glass windows, and enjoyed the sweet scent of cedar.

Cypress Inn. Lincoln and Seventh; 1-800-443-7443, The Mediterranean-style, dog-friendly hotel, built in 1929, is co-owned by reclusive singer-actress Doris Day, who lives in nearby Carmel Valley. Many of the attractive tiles embedded in the walls are leftovers from architect Julia Morgan's Hearst Castle project.

L'Auberge. Monte Verde Street at Seventh; 831-624-8578, The delightful brick courtyard of the European-style hotel (1929) all but vibrates with local history. The tile, metalwork, and statuary were imported from Spain, and the building was modeled after a home in Prague. It once was an apartment house with famous tenants, including internationally renowned modernist artist Henrietta Shore, a contemporary of Georgia O'Keeffe. The on-site Aubergine restaurant stores its wine cache of 4,500 bottles in a cellar beneath the courtyard.

Weston Art Gallery. Sixth Avenue between Dolores and Lincoln, 831-624-4453, The small space overflows with vintage and contemporary photographs from world masters, including Edward Weston and Ansel Adams. The gallery is the third-oldest in the country, opened by Weston's daughter-in-law, Maggie Weston.

Hog's Breath Inn. San Carlos Street between Fifth and Sixth; 831-625-1044, Though Clint Eastwood said adios to the rustic restaurant years ago (but owns the property), you'll still find the Dirty Harry Burger on the menu. The extraordinary courtyard is brightened by a pastoral mural painted by one of Eastwood's buddies. "A friend of mine who worked with Clint once asked him why he named it the Hog's Breath Inn," Wrausmann told our group. "His answer was, 'To keep people away.' Of course, it went on to become the No. 1 tourist destination in Carmel."

Casanova. Fifth Street between Mission and San Carlos; 831-625-0501, As the story goes, in the 1920s, actor Charlie Chaplin bought a small house for his cook, who lived there for 50 years. Upon her death, the property was sold and remodeled to resemble the farmhouses of Europe. Since then (1977), the restaurant has been expanded into the delightful labyrinth it is today.

In 2003, a special roped-off room was built to display a table at which artist Vincent van Gogh took meals at the restaurant of the Auberge Ravoux boardinghouse in a town north of Paris. It was a gift to Casanova owner Walter Georis from the owner of Auberge Ravoux.

Forge in the Forest. Junipero Street and Fifth; 831-624-2233, Inside the architecturally striking restaurant is the Forge Saloon, accented by copper walls, brick flooring, and a mahogany bar from England. It originally was the shop of master blacksmith and artist Francis Whitaker, who pounded out the ornate ironwork that decorates many of Carmel's historic buildings. He worked his forge for 13 years, beginning in the 1940s. His original anvil, vise, and hearth are on display.

The last stop on our tour was "what we've really come to see," Wrausmann said as she ushered us across a busy street and into a residential neighborhood. There, we were treated to the sight of Carmel's first two fairy-tale cottages: little whimsies nestled in flowering shrubs, looking straight out of a Beatrix Potter storybook or a Thomas Kinkade painting. (The Carmel Chamber of Commerce happily informs callers that the cottages are at Torres Street and Sixth Avenue.)

The cottages were built by Hugh Comstock in the 1920s. The first, Hansel (or the Doll House), was built for his wife as a showroom and storage space for the Otsy-Totsy dolls she hand-made and sold to major markets. Comstock built the second - Gretel - as a mini-workshop.

Carmelites were so taken with the novelty of his fairy-tale style that they hired him to build more cottages - about 20 in all. Other builders soon joined the party, sprinkling Carmel with the fairy-tale cottages and storefronts that typify the town today.

The fairy-tale style is characterized by crooked lines, swooping roofs, turrets, alcoves, and stone chimneys that appear to be on the brink of tumbling down. One of the most visible is the Tuck Box, which became an English tea room in the 1940s (Dolores between Ocean and Seventh; 831-624-6365,

Our tour was over, and it was time to find a restaurant for a great lunch - the easiest task of the day.

Perched on the Pacific

Carmel-by-the-Sea, a one-square-mile village,

is 115 miles south of

San Francisco, on the Monterey Peninsula.

Carmel Walks offers two-hour guided tours

that highlight the famous residents, history, and architecture that have made this one of America's most

unusual villages.

Tours: 10 a.m. Tuesday-Friday, and

10 a.m. and 2 p.m. Saturday. Tour groups are limited to 20 people; private tours are available.

Cost: $25 per person.



More informatioon


Monterey County

Convention & Visitors Bureau


- Allen PierleoniEndText